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The Indian Ocean, coastal areas partly forested to savannahs, semi-deserts, mountain forests, fresh water and soda lakes, rivers, glaciers and rainforests provide a huge range of different biotopes and are responsible for the big variety of bird species. Currently more than 1.400 registered species, of which around 100 are migratory birds, occur in East Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Rwanda. You find little brown birds, very colourful species and majestic vultures and eagles. Parks and sanctuaries have between 300 and over 550 registered bird species. East Africa is a paradise for ornithologists. But also non birders will be fascinated by some of the impressive birds.

Many species are spread all over the continent, but several are endemic and only occur in small ranges. We as the specialists know where to find them.

Pictures are listed in the same order as in most bird books.

Pictures taken by Elvira Wolfer, Sammy Mugo (Ornithologist and safari guide) and clients.

 

 

 

 

Graukopfbartvogel
Speckled Tinkerbird

 

 

 

 

Grey-throated Barbet (Gymnobucco bonapartei cinereiceps).
Fairly common in western forests. Kakamega Forest.
Photo Sammy Mugo

Speckled Tinkerbird (Pogoniulus scolopaceus) from Uganda further west.
Photo Marina Meger, Uganda

 

 

YellowRumpedTinkerbird
Feuerstirnbartvogel

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird (Pogoniulus bilineatus), von Zentralkenia
bis Westafrika in bewaldeten Gegenden. Foto Marina Meger

Red-fronted Tinkerbird (Pogoniulus pusillus)
occurs in East Africa in dry country and savanna.

 

 

 

 

 

 

WhiteHeadedBarbet
White_headedBarbet

 

 

 

 

 

 

White-headed barbet (Lybius l. leucocephalus).
Local in wooded areas. Masai Mara, feeding on a Balanites fruit.

White-headed barbet (Lybius leucocephalus. senex). Local
in forested areas from Central to Northern Kenya.

 

 

RedFrontedTinkerbird
SpotflankedBarbet

 

 

Red-fronted barbet (Tricholaema diademata)
is widespread but uncommon in East Africa. Feeds on fruits.

Spot-flanked Barbet (Tricholaema lachrymosa radcliffei). Locally common
in Kenya and Tanzania in moist acacia woods and tall riverine forests.

 

 

 

 

Schwarzkopfbartvogel

White eared Barbet

 

 

 

 

Black-throated Barbet (Tricholaema melanocephala) is endemic
to North eastern Africa and is found in semi arid to arid regions.

White-eared Barbet (Stactolaema leucotis) is more a bird of the Eastern
coast region but has a small distribution area in Central Kenya
.
Photo Sammy Mugo

 

 

Yellow spotted Barbet
BrownBreastedBarbet

 

 

 

 

Yellow-spotted Barbet (Buccanodon duchaillui) occurs in forests from
Western Kenya to Westafrica. Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Kakamega Forest

Brown-breasted Barbets (Lybius melanopterus) can be found
along the coast, around Kilmanjaro/Arusha and Southern Tanzania.

 

 

 

 

DoubleToothedBarbet
Goldschnabelbartvogel

 

 

 

 

Double-toothed Barbet (Lybius bidentatus aequatorialis). Fairly
common in West Kenya’s forests and further West. Ph
oto Sammy Mugo

Yellow-billed Barbet (Trachyphonus purpuratus elgonensis).
Kakamega Forest and further West.
Photo Sammy Mugo

 

 

 

 

UsambiroBartvogel

DArnaudsTZ_Marina

 

 

 

 

Usambiro Barbet (Trachyphonus usambiro) is treated as own species or
subspecies of D’Arnaud’s Barbet. Endemic to Masai Mara/Serengeti.

D'Arnaud's barbet (Trachyphonus darnaudii emini) is
found from Central Kenya to Tanzania. Photo Marina Meger

 

 

Ohrenfleckbartvogel

D'Arnaud's barbet (Trachyphonus darnaudii boehmi).
From East Kenya to Northeastern Tanzania.

 

 

 

 

Flammenbartvogel

Flammenkopfbartvogel

 

 

 

 

Red and yellow barbet (Trachyphonus erythrocephalus erythrocephalus).
Widespread in dry areas of East Africa. Male

Female

 

 

 

 

Greater Honeyguide
Lesser Honeyguide

 

 

 

 

Greater Honeyguide (Indicator indicator) is found in many
countries in Africa from less to more forested regions. Subadult.

Lesser Honeyguide (Indicator minor) occurs in forested
regions in Africa, sometimes even in garden.

 

 

 

 

Scaly_throated Honeyguide

WahlbergHoneyguide

 

 

 

 

Scaly-throated honeyguide (Indicator variegtus) is scarce to locally
common in East to Southern Africa. Photo Sammy Mugo, Naivasha

Wahlberg’s Honeybird (Prodotiscus regulus) is uncommon in
acacia woodland in Kenya, Tanzania and other regions. Lewa Downs.

 

 

 

 

Zwerghoniganzeiger

Pallid Honeyguide

 

 

 

 

Eastern or Green-backed Honeybird or Slender-billed honeyguide
(Prodotiscs zambesiae ellenbecki). This subspecies is occasionally found
East of the Rift Valley in woooded areas. Nairobi region.

Pallid Honeyguide / Eastern least honeyguide (Indicator meliphilus)
is found in forests in Kenya, Northern Tanzania and further South.

 

 

 

 

Nubierspecht
Nubierspecht_Weibchen

 

 

Nubian Woodpecker (Campethera nubica).
Widespread in acacia land and savanna in East Africa.

Nubian Woodpecker, female

 

 

Buffspotted Woodpecker
Tuepfelspecht

 

 

 

 

Buff-spotted Woodpecker (Campethera nivosa). From
Western Kenya to Westafrica. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda

Green-backed or little spotted Woodpecker (Campethera
c. cailliautii). Mara/Serengeti region. East, Central to Westafrica.

 

 

 

 

Kardinalspecht_Weibchen
Kardinalspecht_Maennchen

 

 

 

 

Cardinal Woodpecker (Dendropicos fuscescens massaicus).
Female near Nairobi.

Cardinal Woodpecker (Dendropicos fuscescens massaicus).
Widespread in Africa and common. Male near Nairobi.

 

 

 

 

Namaspecht_Marina
Graubrustspecht

 

 

 

 

Bearded Woodpecker (Dendropicos namauqus schoensis) is not
common in open woodland in Kenya, Tanzania and furhter South.
Photo Marina Meger, Serengeti

Grey Woodpecker (Dendropicos goertae rhodeogaster).
Widespread in open wooded areas from East to West Africa. Male.

 

 

 

 

Olive Woodpecker
Eurasian_Wryneck

 

 

 

 

Olive Woodpecker (Dendropicos griseocephalus) lives in forest from East
to Central and an other population in South Africa. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda

Eurasian Wryneck (Jynx torquilla) is a very scarce
Palearctic migrant to Kenya. Near Nairobi.