Climbing plants and those sitting on other plants (epiphytes) to get more light do not have to be parasites. But some do depend entirely or partly on an other plant. Some might even kill the host in a long run.

 

 

 

 

Pterolobium

Plicosepalus

 

 

Pterolobium stellatum (Family Leguminosae or Fabaceae / pea family, subfamily Caesalpinoideae) can cover even large trees. They have short thorns, white flowers and red pods which are visible from far and make it look like the tree is having red flowers – at least from far. Photo from Lake Nakuru National park.

 

Most of the 98 species of the genus Plicosepalus (Family Loranthaceae) found in East Africa are tree hemic parasite creepers. This one is very eye-catching when flowering. Photo from Lake Bogoria.

 

 

 

Baumfarn2

 

Epiphytic fern in Arusha National park.