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The Indian Ocean, coastal areas partly forested to savannahs, semi-deserts, mountain forests, fresh water and soda lakes, rivers, glaciers and rainforests provide a huge range of different biotopes and are responsible for the big variety of bird species. Currently more than 1.400 registered species, of which around 100 are migratory birds, occur in East Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Rwanda. You find little brown birds, very colourful species and majestic vultures and eagles. Parks and sanctuaries have between 300 and over 550 registered bird species. East Africa is a paradise for ornithologists. But also non birders will be fascinated by some of the impressive birds.

Many species are spread all over the continent, but several are endemic and only occur in small ranges. We as the specialists know where to find them.

Pictures are listed in the same order as in most bird books.

Pictures taken by Elvira Wolfer, Sammy Mugo (Ornithologist and safari guide) and clients.

 

 

Neuntoeter
Neuntoeter_female

 

 

Red-backed Shrike (Lanius collurio). Palearctic migrant
November – December and April. Male.

Female Red-backed Shrike

 

 

Isabelline Shrike
Graurueckenwuerger

 

 

Red-tailed or Isabelline Shrike (Lanius isabellinus)
a migrant and winter resident in Kenya.

Grey-backed shrikes (Lanius e. excubitoroides) are frequent
in the West of Kenya to more Northwestern countries.
 They perch on branches to watch out for insects.

 

 

Schwarzstirnwuerger

Somali fiscal

 

 

Lesser Grey Shrike (Lanius minor) is a common
palearctic migrant from September to April in many parts of Africa.

Somali Fiscal (Lanius somalicus) is found in the horn
of Africa and in Kenia only in the very North-West.

 

 

Langschwanzwuerger
Taitawuerger

 

 

Long-tailed fiscal  (Lanius cabanisi) perched on a Balanites bush.
In open dry bushland from central Kenya to Northeastern Tanzania.

Taita Fiscal (Lanius dorsalis).
Dry areas below 1.500 m Kenya and North East Tanzania.

 

 

Fiskalwuerger

 

 

Common Fiscal (Lanius collaris humerals). Male left, female with a bit of brownish on the side on the right. Widespread.

 

 

MackinnonsWuerger
Elsterwuerger

 

 

Mackinnon’s Fiscal (Lanius macinnoni). Uncommon in equatorial
forests. Photo Sammy Mugo, Kakamega Regenwald

Magpie shrike (Urolestes melanoleucus aequatorialis).
Local in Acacia savanna from Southwestern Kenya South to Tanzania.

 

 

Weisscheitelwuerger1
Schneeballwuerger

 

 

White-crowned shrike (Eurocephalus rueppelli).
Widespread in East Africa.

Black-backed Puffback (Dryoscopus cubla) is distributed in different
subspecies. The back feathers can be raised so it looks like a ball
of cotton wool.

 

 

Brubru
Floetenwuerger

 

 

Brubru (Nilaus afer minor) is widespread in Africa. It is found in
savanna and open bush land where it searches for insects.

Tropical Boubou (Laniarius major). Widespread in Africa.
The flute like sound is produced by the male and female while duetting.

 

 

Luehders Bush Shrike

Lüdher’s Bush-Shrike (Laniarius leuhderi) is found in Uganda and Kongo. Photo Fabian Krokan, Bwindi National park, Uganda

 

 

 

Schieferwuerger
Scharlachwuerger

 

 

Slate- coloured boubou (Laniarius aethiopicus). Widespread.
Sound is often to be heared, but to see the birds is a bit a challenge.

Black-headed Gonolek (Laniarius erythrogaster).
Lake Victoria region in bushes.

 

 

RosenwuergerM
RosenwuergerF

 

 

Rosy-patched bush-shrike (Rhodophoneus cruentus hilgerti).Male left, female right. Locally common in dry and lower altitudes North of the equator.

 

 

RosyPatchedShrike_Taita

Rosy-patched bush-shrike (Rhodophoneus cruentus cathemagmenus). In dry bushland South of the equator in East Africa. Female from Taita Hills.
Photo Sammy Mugo

 

 

OrangebreatedBushShrike
GreyHeadedBushShrike

 

 

Sulphur-breasted Bush-shrike (Malaconotus
sulfureopectus similis). Widespread in Africa in dry
woodland. Photo Sammy Mugo

Grey-headed Bush-Shrike (Malaconotus blanchoti). In acacia
savanna and broadleafed forest from West to East and more
Southern Africa.

 

 

BrownCrowned Tchagra
BlackCrownedTchagra

 

 

Brown-crowned Tchagra (Tchagra australis emini) widespread
in Africa in moist bush, woodland and savanna.

Black-crowned Tchagra (Tchagra s. senegala).
Widespread in Africa’s bushland.

 

 

White crested Helmet Shrike_klein
GreyCrestedHelmet Shrike

 

 

White-crested helmet-shrike (Prionops plumatus) move in
small flocks in open bushland in Kenya and Tanzania. Uncommon
and even rarer to see on the nest. Photo Sammy Mugo, Lake Baringo

Grey-crested helmet-shrike (Prionops poliolophus) can only
be met from Serengeti to Masai Mara to Lake Nakuru.