From Snipes to small waders
Shorebirds – Order Charadriiformes has a large variety of birds from small to large. Most of them live near water, but some inhabit forest or even deserts. Some are pelagic which means living in the open sea. They feed on invertebrates and other small animals. Since a good number are migrants, they have long, sharp ending wings. To keep the feathers functioning they bath in fresh water and apply the oily secretion from the preen gland.
Due to the high number of families and species in this order we have split them into several pages.
Here we introduce snipes, Pied Avocet, Black-winged Stilt, various sandpiper species, Ruff, Sanderling and others.
Most of them are long distance migrants and breed in the very Northern regions. The summer is short so they have to make use of the insects to raise their young quickly so they are able to travel. The nests are on the ground and they defend it vehemently. As soon as the young hatch they have the eyes open and can walk. The parents feed and protect them.
Painted Snipes – Family Rostratulidae. 2 genus are in this family of wading birds. They are short-legged with long bills. Their colours are more striking than those of the true snipes. Sexual dimorphism is well visible. They inhabit swamps, shallow lakes and reed where they feed on seeds and invertebrates.
Snipes and relatives – Family Scolopacidae
Is a family of medium seized birds found almost around the world in swamps and flooded areas. Characteristic is the long, straight, slender bill with which the dig in the mud searching for invertebrates. Filaments almost to the tip enable them to detect prey without seeing it. Sandpipers have a similar adaptation. The species look very much alike and to identify them correctly can be a challenge.
To give you as actual information as possible we use Avibase, the books “Birds of South of the Sahara”, “Birds of East Africa”, “Birds of Kenya and Northern Tanzania”. Then we put the most characteristic information to the photo.
You can also follow us on Facebook “Bird photography Safaris Kenya” and see the numerous species as well as the beautiful photos from Lorenzo Barelli.
Greater painted Snipe (Rostrutula benghalensis) is a rather uncommon resident and intra-African migrant. They can be found at marshes and flooded grassland. Female left, male right. Lorenzo Barelli
Common Snipe (Gallinago g. gallinago) is a common and widespread palearctic migrant from October to March. It is found at dams, marshes and swamps from East to West Africa. Photo Lorenzo Barelli
African (Ethiopian) Snipe (Gallinago nigripennis aequatorialis) is a resident and local nomad from the horn of Africa to Southern Africa. It likes muddy places. In Kenya it is found in the Western part, in Tanzania West and at many places in Uganda. Photo Lorenzo Barelli
Jack Snipe (Lymnocryptes minimus) breeds in Scandinavia and Siberia and is a very rare migrant to East Africa. Photo Jacques Pitteloud
Black-tailed Godwit (Limosa l. limosa) inhabits wetlands of different kinds. They like deep water. Common palearctic migrant. Status: near threatened. Photo Lorenzo Barelli
Bar-tailed Godwit (Limosa l. lapponica) breeds in Lapland and winters at estuaries and lagoons around Africa. It is rare inland at Lake Turkana. Status: near threatened. Photo Per Holmen
Eurasian Curlew (Numenius arquata orientalis) breeds in E Russian and Manchuria and winters at coasts and some inland lakes in Africa. Status: near threatened. Photo Lorenzo Barelli
Whimbrel (Numenius p. phaeopus) is a Northwestern palearctic migrant to Africa’s coast and rare at some inland lakes. Mida Creek. During high tide they sit on mangroves and as soon as the water exposes bare sand they and other species fly there to search for food. A unique spectacle!
Common Redshank (Tringa totanus ussuriensis) breeds in Siberia, Mongolia and E Russia. They are rare migrants to the Kenyan coast and some inland lakes. Photo Per Holmen
Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis) is a common palearctic migrant to Africa’n wetlands between August and April.
Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia) is a common palearctic migrant to Africa. They are found at lake shores, ponds, dams and at the coast. Some stay all year round.
Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus) is a fairly common migrant from N Eurasia. It is found at wetlands in Africa from August to April. Photo Jacques Pitteloud
Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola) breeds in Northern Eurasia and spends the winter in Africa from August to May at fresh water wetlands.
Little Stint (Calidris minuta) breeds in N Palearctic and winters in Africa and Indian subcontinent from August to May. It is found of different kind of waters, also along the coast.
Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea) breeds in Artic Siberia and winters in Africa at coast an inland lakes. Status: Near threatened. In breeding plumage from Per Holmen, in company with other waders at Mida Creek
Temmincks’s Stint (Calidris temminckii) breeds in N Palearctic and winters in Africa, Indonesia and Philippines. Photo Per Holmen, Norway
Ruff (Calidris pugnax) is a common palearctic migrant. You will find it along lake shores and wetlands, but it also swims in deep water. In Africa it looses its beautiful breeding plumage and its demonstrating defense of the nest.
Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos) a common and widespread palearktic migrant from August to April. It is met at any kind of wetland even coast.
Terek Sandpiper (Xenus cinereus) breeds in Northern Eurasia and winter in Africa, Philippines, N Australia. It is mainly found at the coast, rare inland. Photo Per Holmen
Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria i. interpres) breeds in Alaska, N Europe etc. and winters mainly at the coast in Africa. Photo Lorenzo Barelli
Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus) is common at most wetlands fresh and soda from West to East and Southern Africa.
Pied Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta) is a locally common resident and palearctic migrant to wetlands and coasts from West to East and Southern Africa.