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Class Amphibians (Amphibia), in East Africa  occur 2 orders frogs/toads (Anura) and Caecilians  (Gymnophiona).




Bufo garmani

Guttural Toad




Family: Bufonidae - Toads

Garman’s Toad (Amietophrynus garmani) only occurs in Southeastern Kenya and Manyara region in Tanzania.


Guttural Toad (Amietophrynus gutturalis). This toad is common from Kenya further South and West. It occurs in a wide variety of habitats. The call is very distinctive and when many toads are together they produce a monotonous sound.






Guinea Schaufelnasenfrosch




Marbled Snout-burrower (Hemisus marmoratus, Family Hemisotidae). They are small, females 34 mm, males 22 mm and can be found in many countries in Africa. During dry spells they burrow themselves into the soil using the hard snout. The genus occurs in subtropical and tropical Africa.


Guinea Snout-burrower (Hemisus guineensis). Females reach 45 mm, males 32 mm. In Kenya they only occur locally in Central Kenya and in Tanzania in 2 separate areas. When threatend they blow themselves up like in the picture.






Senegal Kassina




Boscage’s burrowing Tree frog (Leptopelis bocagii) were in the family of  African Tree Frogs (Hyperoliidae) but have been transferred into the family Arthroleptidae. They dig themselves into the soil during dry spells and reappear after rain. They are not often seen. The eggs are deposited in deep holes and the tadpoles later find their way to water. Seize nearly 6 cm.


Senegal Kassina (Kassina senegalensis, Family Hyperoliidae). Both sexes are about 42 mm long. Moves by running rather than leaping. They are widespread in a wide variety of habitats with permanent or seasonal water bodies.










Reed frog (Family Hyperoliidae, Hyperolius ferniquel). Usually in Nairobi areas, it is bright orange in colour, but bleaches when exposed to sun. Species can mainly be differentiated by their calls. The inner side of the hind legs is darker orange. The call resembles a bell.


Small but the voice carries far.




Anchieta's Rocket Frog




Anchieta’s Rocket Frog (Ptychadena anchietae) is one of the most
common frogs in East Africa. Lives where water or at least humidity is


Mascarene Rocket Frog (Ptychadena mascareniensis) occur
in East Africa, where there is water. There are 8 dorsal folds.
They are in the family of “typical” frogs, Ranidae.




Red banded rubber frog




Grey Tree Frog (Chiromantis petersi, Family Rhacophoridae/shrub frogs). Its bright grey colour during day time reflects sunlight. They like sitting on branches. During rain mating takes place. Several males catch a female. A foam nest protects the fertilized eggs from drying out. After hatching the tadpoles fall into the hopefully still existing water puddle underneath to develop.


Red-banded Rubber Frog (Phrynomantis bifasciatus, Family Microhylidase, subfamily Phrynomerinae). They occur from Kenya to Tanzania and further South. Males reach 26 mm, females 54 mm. Its skin secretions can irritate if getting into a cut.




Lake Victoria clawed frogs






Lake Victoria Clawed frogs (Xenopus victorianus, Family Pipidae) occur around Lake Victoria and up to Nairobi region. They are very slippery and dig themselves into soil during dry periods.


Tadpoles of reed frogs (dark) and of Lake Victoria Clawed frog (transparent).