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The Indian Ocean, coastal areas partly forested to savannahs, semi-deserts, mountain forests, fresh water and soda lakes, rivers, glaciers and rainforests provide a huge range of different biotopes and are responsible for the big variety of bird species. Currently more than 1.400 registered species, of which around 100 are migratory birds, occur in East Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Rwanda. You find little brown birds, very colourful species and majestic vultures and eagles. Parks and sanctuaries have between 300 and over 550 registered bird species. East Africa is a paradise for ornithologists. But also non birders will be fascinated by some of the impressive birds.

Many species are spread all over the continent, but several are endemic and only occur in small ranges. We as the specialists know where to find them.

Species are listed in the same order as in most bird books.

Pictures taken by Elvira Wolfer, Lorenzo Barelli and clients

 

 

 

 

Graubrustbartvogel
Speckled Tinkerbird

 

 

 

 

Grey-throated Barbet (Gymnobucco bonapartei cinereiceps).
Fairly common in western forests. Kakamega Forest.

Speckled Tinkerbird (Pogoniulus scolopaceus) from Uganda further west.
Photo Marina Meger, Uganda

 

 

YellowRumpedTinkerbird
Feuerstirnbartvogel

 

 

Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird (Pogoniulus bilineatus), von Zentralkenia
bis Westafrika in bewaldeten Gegenden. Foto Marina Meger

Red-fronted Tinkerbird (Pogoniulus pusillus)
occurs in East Africa in dry country and savanna.

 

 

Moustached green tinkerbird

Yellow-fronted Tinkerbird

 

 

 

 

Moustached (green) Tinkerbird (Pogoniulus leucomystax)
is found in mid level mountain forests in Kenya and Tanzania.

Yellow-fronted Tinkerbird (Pogoniulus chrysoconus) occurs in
Westkenya to West and Southern Africa. Foto Lorenzo Barelli, Kisumu

 

 

WhiteHeadedBarbet
White_headedBarbet

 

 

 

 

 

 

White-headed barbet (Lybius l. leucocephalus).
Local in wooded areas. Masai Mara, feeding on a Balanites fruit.

White-headed barbet (Lybius leucocephalus. senex). Local
in forested areas from Central to Northern Kenya.

 

 

RedFrontedTinkerbird
SpotflankedBarbet

 

 

Red-fronted barbet (Tricholaema diademata)
is widespread but uncommon in East Africa. Feeds on fruits.

Spot-flanked Barbet (Tricholaema lachrymosa radcliffei). Locally common
in Kenya and Tanzania in moist acacia woods and tall riverine forests.

 

 

 

 

Schwarzkopfbartvogel
White eared Barbet

 

 

 

 

Black-throated Barbet (Tricholaema melanocephala) is endemic
to North eastern Africa and is found in semi arid to arid regions.

White-eared Barbet (Stactolaema leucotis) is more a bird of the Eastern
coast region but has a small distribution area in Central Kenya
.
Photo Lorenzo Barelli

 

 

 

 

Green Barbet

Yellow spotted Barbet

 

 

 

 

Green Barbet (Stactolaema olivacea). Local in forests
along East African Coast. Foto Lorenzo Barelli, Arabuko Sokoke Forest

Yellow-spotted Barbet (Buccanodon duchaillui) occurs in forests from
Western Kenya to Westafrica. Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Kakamega Forest

 

 

 

 

Black-billed Barbet
BrownBreastedBarbet

 

 

 

 

Black-billed Barbet (Lybius guifsobalito) is found in wooded areas around Lake Victoria and Uganda. Photo Lorenzo Barelli

Brown-breasted Barbets (Lybius melanopterus) can be found
along the coast, around Kilmanjaro/Arusha and Southern Tanzania.

 

 

 

 

DoubleToothedBarbet
Goldschnabelbartvogel

 

 

 

 

Double-toothed Barbet (Lybius bidentatus aequatorialis). Fairly
common in West Kenya’s forests and further West. Ph
oto Lorenzo Barelli

Yellow-billed Barbet (Trachyphonus purpuratus elgonensis).
Kakamega Forest and further West.
Photo Lorenzo Barelli

 

 

 

 

UsambiroBartvogel

DArnaudsTZ_Marina

 

 

 

 

Usambiro Barbet (Trachyphonus usambiro) is treated as own species or
subspecies of D’Arnaud’s Barbet. Endemic to Masai Mara/Serengeti.

D'Arnaud's barbet (Trachyphonus darnaudii emini) is
found from Central Kenya to Tanzania. Photo Marina Meger

 

 

Ohrenfleckbartvogel

D'Arnaud's barbet (Trachyphonus darnaudii boehmi).
From East Kenya to Northeastern Tanzania.

 

 

 

 

Flammenbartvogel

Flammenkopfbartvogel

 

 

 

 

Red and yellow barbet (Trachyphonus erythrocephalus erythrocephalus).
Widespread in dry areas of East Africa. Male

Female

 

 

 

 

Greater Honeyguide
Lesser Honeyguide

 

 

 

 

Greater Honeyguide (Indicator indicator) is found in many
countries in Africa from less to more forested regions. Subadult.

Lesser Honeyguide (Indicator minor) occurs in forested
regions in Africa, sometimes even in garden.

 

 

 

 

Scaly_throated Honeyguide

WahlbergHoneyguide

 

 

 

 

Scaly-throated honeyguide (Indicator variegtus) is scarce to locally
common in East to Southern Africa. Arabuko Sokoke Forest

Wahlberg’s Honeybird (Prodotiscus regulus) is uncommon in
acacia woodland in Kenya, Tanzania and other regions. Lewa Downs.

 

 

 

 

Zwerghoniganzeiger

Pallid Honeyguide

 

 

 

 

Eastern or Green-backed Honeybird or Slender-billed honeyguide
(Prodotiscs zambesiae ellenbecki). This subspecies is occasionally found
East of the Rift Valley in woooded areas. Nairobi region.

Pallid Honeyguide / Eastern least honeyguide (Indicator meliphilus)
is found in forests in Kenya, Northern Tanzania and further South.

 

 

 

 

Nubierspecht
Nubierspecht_Weibchen

 

 

Nubian Woodpecker (Campethera nubica).
Widespread in acacia land and savanna in East Africa.

Nubian Woodpecker, female

 

 

Buffspotted Woodpecker
Tuepfelspecht

 

 

 

 

Buff-spotted Woodpecker (Campethera nivosa). From
Western Kenya to Westafrica. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda

Green-backed or little spotted Woodpecker (Campethera
cailliautii nyansae). Mara/Serengeti region. East, Central to Westafrica.

 

 

 

 

Mombasa Woodpecker

Brown-eared Woodpecker

 

 

 

 

Mombasa Woodpecker (Campethera mombassica) is only found
at Kenyan coast and in the far Northeast Tanzania. Arabuko Sokoke Forest

Brown-eared Woodpecker (Campethera c. caroli) is found from
Kakamega Forest to Uganda. Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Kakamega Forest

 

 

 

 

Kardinalspecht_Weibchen
Kardinalspecht_Maennchen

 

 

 

 

Cardinal Woodpecker (Dendropicos fuscescens massaicus).
Female near Nairobi.

Cardinal Woodpecker (Dendropicos fuscescens massaicus).
Widespread in Africa and common. Male near Nairobi.

 

 

 

 

Namaspecht_Marina
Graubrustspecht

 

 

 

 

Bearded Woodpecker (Dendropicos namauqus schoensis) is not
common in open woodland in Kenya, Tanzania and furhter South.
Photo Marina Meger, Serengeti

Grey-headed or Mountain Grey Woodpecker (Dendropicos spodocephalus
rhodeogaster). Widespread in open wooded areas in Highlands of Central Kenya
and northern Tanzania. Male.

 

 

 

 

Olive Woodpecker
Brown-backed Woodpecker

 

 

 

 

Olive Woodpecker (Dendropicos griseocephalus) lives in forest from East
to Central and an other population in South Africa. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda

Brown-backed Woodpecker (Ipophilus obsoletus) occurs from
Nairobi to West Africa in drier areas. Foto Lorenzo Barelli, Nairobi suburb

 

 

 

 

Red-throated Wryneck
Eurasian_Wryneck

 

 

 

 

Rufous-breasted Wryneck (Jynx ruficollis) occurs from Central
to Western Kenya and West of Lake Victoria. Photo Lorenzo Barelli

Eurasian Wryneck (Jynx torquilla) is a very scarce
Palearctic migrant to Kenya. Near Nairobi.