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The Indian Ocean, coastal areas partly forested to savannahs, semi-deserts, mountain forests, fresh water and soda lakes, rivers, glaciers and rainforests provide a huge range of different biotopes and are responsible for the big variety of bird species. Currently more than 1.400 registered species, of which around 100 are migratory birds, occur in East Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Rwanda. You find little brown birds, very colourful species and majestic vultures and eagles. Parks and sanctuaries have between 300 and over 550 registered bird species. East Africa is a paradise for ornithologists. But also non birders will be fascinated by some of the impressive birds.

Many species are spread all over the continent, but several are endemic and only occur in small ranges. We as the specialists know where to find them.

Pictures are listed in the same order as in most bird books.

Pictures taken by Elvira Wolfer and clients





Speckled Tinkerbird





Grey-throated Barbet (Gymnobucco bonapartei cinereiceps).
Fairly common in western forests. Kakamega Forest.

Speckled Tinkerbird (Pogoniulus scolopaceus) from Uganda further west.
Photo Marina Meger, Uganda










Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird (Pogoniulus bilineatus), von Zentralkenia
bis Westafrika in bewaldeten Gegenden. Foto Marina Meger

Red-fronted Tinkerbird (Pogoniulus pusillus)
occurs in East Africa in dry country and savanna.














White-headed barbet (Lybius l. leucocephalus).
Local in wooded areas. Masai Mara, feeding on a Balanites fruit.

White-headed barbet (Lybius leucocephalus. senex). Local
in forested areas from Central to Northern Kenya.






Red-fronted barbet (Tricholaema diademata)
is widespread but uncommon in East Africa. Feeds on fruits.

Spot-flanked Barbet (Tricholaema lachrymosa radcliffei). Locally common
in Kenya and Tanzania in moist acacia woods and tall riverine forests.






White eared Barbet





Black-throated Barbet (Tricholaema melanocephala) is endemic
to North eastern Africa and is found in semi arid to arid regions.

White-eared Barbet (Stactolaema leucotis) is more a bird of the Eastern
coast region but has a small distribution area in Central Kenya
Photo Lorenzo Barelli



Yellow spotted Barbet





Yellow-spotted Barbet (Buccanodon duchaillui) occurs in forests from
Western Kenya to Westafrica. Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Kakamega Forest

Brown-breasted Barbets (Lybius melanopterus) can be found
along the coast, around Kilmanjaro/Arusha and Southern Tanzania.










Double-toothed Barbet (Lybius bidentatus aequatorialis). Fairly
common in West Kenya’s forests and further West. Ph
oto Lorenzo Barelli

Yellow-billed Barbet (Trachyphonus purpuratus elgonensis).
Kakamega Forest and further West.
Photo Lorenzo Barelli











Usambiro Barbet (Trachyphonus usambiro) is treated as own species or
subspecies of D’Arnaud’s Barbet. Endemic to Masai Mara/Serengeti.

D'Arnaud's barbet (Trachyphonus darnaudii emini) is
found from Central Kenya to Tanzania. Photo Marina Meger




D'Arnaud's barbet (Trachyphonus darnaudii boehmi).
From East Kenya to Northeastern Tanzania.











Red and yellow barbet (Trachyphonus erythrocephalus erythrocephalus).
Widespread in dry areas of East Africa. Male






Greater Honeyguide
Lesser Honeyguide





Greater Honeyguide (Indicator indicator) is found in many
countries in Africa from less to more forested regions. Subadult.

Lesser Honeyguide (Indicator minor) occurs in forested
regions in Africa, sometimes even in garden.





Scaly_throated Honeyguide






Scaly-throated honeyguide (Indicator variegtus) is scarce to locally
common in East to Southern Africa. Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Naivasha

Wahlberg’s Honeybird (Prodotiscus regulus) is uncommon in
acacia woodland in Kenya, Tanzania and other regions. Lewa Downs.






Pallid Honeyguide





Eastern or Green-backed Honeybird or Slender-billed honeyguide
(Prodotiscs zambesiae ellenbecki). This subspecies is occasionally found
East of the Rift Valley in woooded areas. Nairobi region.

Pallid Honeyguide / Eastern least honeyguide (Indicator meliphilus)
is found in forests in Kenya, Northern Tanzania and further South.








Nubian Woodpecker (Campethera nubica).
Widespread in acacia land and savanna in East Africa.

Nubian Woodpecker, female



Buffspotted Woodpecker





Buff-spotted Woodpecker (Campethera nivosa). From
Western Kenya to Westafrica. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda

Green-backed or little spotted Woodpecker (Campethera
c. cailliautii). Mara/Serengeti region. East, Central to Westafrica.










Cardinal Woodpecker (Dendropicos fuscescens massaicus).
Female near Nairobi.

Cardinal Woodpecker (Dendropicos fuscescens massaicus).
Widespread in Africa and common. Male near Nairobi.










Bearded Woodpecker (Dendropicos namauqus schoensis) is not
common in open woodland in Kenya, Tanzania and furhter South.
Photo Marina Meger, Serengeti

Grey Woodpecker (Dendropicos goertae rhodeogaster).
Widespread in open wooded areas from East to West Africa. Male.





Olive Woodpecker





Olive Woodpecker (Dendropicos griseocephalus) lives in forest from East
to Central and an other population in South Africa. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda

Eurasian Wryneck (Jynx torquilla) is a very scarce
Palearctic migrant to Kenya. Near Nairobi.