Most of the invertebrates play a big role in nature: They pollinate plants, help to degrade dead plant and animal material which serves as manure for plants. They are hunters but also food for others.

Insects

Class: Insecta = Insects, characteristic are the 6 legs and a solid outer skeleton, mostly chitin.

Butterflies in Kenya and Northern Tanzania - Kenya has 559 species, of which 34 are endemic / Tanzania 1.583 species,  134 endemic

 

 

 

Pearl moth

 

Pearl moth (Family Cambridae). 11.700 species world wide.

 

 

 

Amerila moth

 

Orange Tiger Moth

 

 

 

White Frother (Amerila sp). Family Erebidae, Subfamily Arctiinae

 

Orange Tiger Moth (Secusio sp) Family Erebidae, Subfamily Arctiinae

 

 

 

Achaea moth

 

Beer Moth Sphingomorpha chlorea

 

 

 

Achae moth (Achaea sp), Family Erebidae

 

Beer or Sundowner Moth (Sphingomorpha chlorea), Family Erebidae

 

 

 

Nachtpfauenauge

 

Seydelia ellioti

 

 

 

Erebus walkeri, Chiasmia subcurvaria / Three banded peacock
Family: Geometridae
Subfamily: Ennominae
= Night owls or owlet moths. This superfamily has more than 70.000 species world wide. This species has a wingspan of almost 20 cm .

 

Elliot's Tiger (Seydelia ellioti), Family Erebidae

 

 

 

Chiasmia subcurvaria

 

Olive haired Swift

 

 

 

Chiasmia subcurvaria / Three banded peacock
Family: Geometridae
Subfamily: Ennominae

 

Borbo Skipper or Olive haired Swift (Borbo borbonica).
Widespread. Family Hesperiidae, subfamily Hesperiinae

 

 

 

Orange spotted Skipper

 

Grizzled Skipper

 

 

 

Orange-spotted Skipper (Zenonia zeno)
Family Hesperiidae, subfamily Hesperiinae

 

Grizzled Skipper or Sandman (Spialia sp)
Family Hesperiidae, subfamily Pyrginae

 

 

 

Hottentot skipper

 

Elfin Skipper

 

 

 

Hottentot Skipper (Gegenes hottentota)
Family Hesperiidae, subfamily Hesperiinae

 

Elfin Skipper (Sarangesa sp), Family Hesperiidae

 

 

 

Mackens skipper

 

Small slug moth

 

 

 

Macken’s Skipper (Acleros mackenii instabilis).
Family Hesperiidae. From East to West Africa.

 

Small slug moth, Family Limacodidae. The nam
 is given due to their caterpillars resembling slugs.

 

 

 

Common Bush Blue

 

Deudorix antalus

 

 

 

Common Bush Blue (Cacyreus lingeus). Very common
South of Sahara. Family Lycaenidae

 

Brown Playboy (Deudorix antalus), Family Lycaenidae

 

 

 

Pea Blue male

 

Pea Blue

 

 

 

Pea Blue (Lampides boeticus)
Male. Family Lycaenidae

 

Pea Blue (Lampides boeticus)
female. Family Lycaenidae

 

 

 

African Grass Blue Zizeeria knysna

 

harpendyreus aequatorialis

 

 

 

African Grass Blue (Zizeeria knysna), Family Lycaenidae. Widespread.

 

Harpendyreus aequatorialis a species of aquatorial high grass land.
Aberdare National park, 2.920 m.
Family Lycaenidae

 

 

 

African Babul Blue

 

Common Scarlet

 

 

 

African Babul Blue (Azanus jesous). Widespread in East Africa.
Family Lycaenidae

 

Common Scarlet (Axioxerses harpax). Wides spread.
Family Lycaenidae

 

 

 

Spodoptera littoralis

 

African cotton leafworm or Egyptian cotton leafworm or Mediterranean
Brocad
(Spodoptera littoralis). Family Noctuidae, Africa and Southern Europe.

 

 

 

Asota speciosa

 

Orange Tiger

 

 

 

Specious tiger (Asota speciosa), Family Noctuidae, Subfamily Aganainae

 

Orange Tiger (Secusio sp). Family Noctuidae (Owlet moth)

 

 

 

Cream striped owl moth

 

Cyligramma fluctuosa

 

 

 

Cream-striped owl moth (Cyligramma latona), Family Noctuidae. Occasionally
in large numbers. The caterpillars feed on acacias. Widespread in Africa.

 

Cyligramma fluctuosa, Family Noctuidae. Found in many parts of Africa.

 

 

 

Junonia terea
DarkBluePansy2

 

 

 

Family Nymphalidae, large beautifully coloured butterflies.
Soldier commodore (Junonia terea)

Blue Pansy (Junonia oenone), Family Nymphalidae

 

 

 

YellowPansy

 

Eyed Pansy

 

 

 

Yellow Pansy (Junonia hierta),  Family Nymphalidae

 

Eyed Pansy (Junonia orythia, Family Nympfalidae

 

 

 

Little Commodore

 

Natal pansy Junonia natalica

 

 

 

Little Commodore, female (Junonia sophia), Nymphalidae

 

Natal Pansy (Junonia natalica), Nymphalidae

 

 

 

African Blue Tiger

 

Danaus chrysippus

 

 

 

African Blue Tiger, Blue Monarch (Tirumala petiverana),
Nymphalidae.Found in montane forests near water

 

African queen, African monarch (Danaus chrysippus)
Nymphalidae. widespread from Mediterrean to Africa.

 

 

 

Precis_orange_black

 

Gold banded Forester

 

 

 

Cloanthe Pirate (Catacroptera cloanthe cloanthe), Family Nymphalidae

 

Gold-banded Forester (Euphaedra neophron), coastal areas, Usambara
region, South Tanzania, Nymphalidae, subfamily Limenitidinae

 

 

 

Gaudy Commodore

 

BlauerSchmetterling

 

 

 

Gaudy Commodore (Precis Octavia) Family Nymphalidae

 

King forester (Euphaedra rex), Family Nymphalidae

 

 

 

Joker Butterfly

 

Charaxes_lucretius

 

 

 

Joker butterfly (Byblia sp), family Nymphalidae

 

Charaxes sp. (Charaxes pollux), Family Nymphalidae, Arusha

 

 

 

Bush Brown

 

Common Bush Brown

 

 

 

Common Bush Brown (Bicyclus safiza). Widespread South of Sahara.
Family Nymphalidae

 

Common Bush Brown (Bicyclus safiza). Widespread South of Sahara.
Family Nymphalidae

 

 

 

Henotesia perspicua

 

RingletButterfly

 

 

 

Swamp patroller, Marsh patroller, Eyed Bush-Brown
(Henotesia perspicua). Native to Eastern and Southern Africa

 

Eyed Ringlet (Neocoenyura sp), Family Nymphalidae, Nairobi

 

 

 

Acraea acrita

 

AcreaButterfly_black_white

 

 

 

Natal Acraea, male (Acraea natalica), Family Nymphalidae

 

Acraea johnstoni from Arusha National park

 

 

 

SmallOrangeAcraea

 

Acrae White_barred

 

 

 

 Small Orange Acraea (Acraea serena),
Family Nymphalidae Nairobi

 

White-Barred Acrea (Acraea (Hyalites) encedon).
Family Nymphalidae, Nairobi

 

 

 

Aracea insignis

 

Hyalites sp

 

 

 

Black-dotched Acraea (Acraea insignis). Forests in Africa.

 

Yellow-banded Acraea butterfly (Hyalites (Acraea) cabira),
Family Nymphalidae, Subfamiliy Heliconiinae, Arusha National park

 

 

 

Acraea encedon

 

Amauris

 

 

 

Acraea encedon, widespread and abundant in Savanna.

 

Chief butterfly, Amauris sp are large butterflies with a
wingspan up to 8 cm. Family Nymphalidae

 

 

 

Friar

 

Layman Amauris albimaculata

 

 

 

Friar (Amauris niavius) in forested areas of tropical Africa. Family Nymphalidae

 

Layman (Amauris albimaculata), Family Nymphalidae

 

 

 

MotherOfPearlButterfly

 

Schmetterling_Vanessa_Distelfalter

 

 

 

Forest Mother of Pearl (Protogoniomorpha parhassus), Nymphalidae

 

Painted Lady (Vanessa sp), Nymphalidae

 

 

 

Long tailed Admiral

 

Abyssinian Admiral

 

 

 

Long-tailed Admiral (Antanartia schaenia), Nymphalidae. It occurs in
East Africa and I found it in the Aberdare mountains at around 2.000 m.

 

Abyssinian Admiral (Antanartia abyssinica)
Nymphalidae, subfamily Limenitidinae

 

 

 

Club tailed charaxes

 

Green Veined Charaxes

 

 

 

Club-tailed Charaxes (Charaxes zoolina), Nymphalidae

 

Green-veined Charaxes (Charaxes candiope), Nymphalidae

 

 

 

Charaxes_brutus1

 

black bordered charaxes

 

 

 

Foxy Charaxes. (Charaxes saturnus) on a sausage tree fruit.

 

Black-bordered Charaxes (Charaxes pollux). Male patrol mainly in forests.

 

 

 

Pearl Charaxes

 

Savanna Charaxes

 

 

 

Pearl Charaxes (Charaxes varanes). Widespread in Africa. Arusha

 

Savanna Charaxes or Scarce Forest Emperor (Charaxes etesipe).
To be found in tropical Africa and Madagascar

 

 

 

Hypolimnas_misippus_male

 

Diadem butterfly (Hypolimnas misippus) is a widespread species in
the family Nymphalidae. This is a male, the female is more brownish.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common sailor, Neptis laeta

 

Scalloped Sailor Neptidopsis ophione

 

 

 

Common Sailer, Neptis laeta, Nymphalidae

 

Scalloped sailer or Scalloped false sailer (Neptidopsis ophione) widespread in Africa in forested areas. Arabuko Sokoke Forest

 

 

 

Swordtail

 

African mocker swallowtail

 

 

 

Swordtail, Kite Swallowtail or lady (Graphium sp).
Often to be found at mud places. Family Papilionidae

 

African Mocker Swallowtail or Flying Handkerchief
(Papilio dardanus), Family Papilionidae, Male

 

 

 

CitrusSwallowtail_Fabian

 

Narrow blue banded swallowtail Papilio nireus

 

 

 

Citrus Swallowtail (Papilio demodocus) is
common South of the Sahara. Family Papilionidae.

 

Narrow blue-banded Swallowtail (Papilio nireus) is
widespread South of the Sahara. Family Papilionidae.

 

 

 

Papilio rex

 

Noble Swallowtail

 

 

 

Regal Swallowtail (Papilio rex). Mimiking the Beautiful
Tiger/Forest Monarch (Tirumala formosa). Family Papilionidae

 

Noble Swallowtail (Papilio nobilis), Family Papilionidae

 

 

 

DottedBorderButterfly

 

Grass Yellow

 

 

 

Dotted Border (Mylothris sp), Family Pieridae, Subfamily Pierinae.
51 species occur on the African continent

 

Grass Yellow (Eurema sp), Family Pieridae

 

 

 

African Emigrant male

 

African Emigrant

 

 

 

African (E)migrant male (Catopsilia florella), Family Pieridae

 

African (E)migrant female (Catopsilia florella), Family Pieridae

 

 

 

Vine leaf vagrant

 

Belenois aurota

 

 

 

Vine leaf vagrant (Eronia cleodora). In warm areas. Family Pieridae

 

Brown-veined white or Caper white (Belenois aurota), Family Pieridae

 

 

 

AfricanWhite

 

Raffray's White (Belenois raffrayi)

 

 

 

African Common White (Belenois creona), Family Pieridae.
The male is yellow.

 

Raffray's White (Belenois raffrayi). Family Pieridae.
Arusha National park

 

 

 

Orange_lemon_Colotis

 

Schmetterling_orange_white_black

 

 

 

Orange-Lemon (Colotis sp), Subfamily Pierinae

 

The Desert Orange Tip, Small Orange Tip, or Tiny Orange Tip
(Colotis evagore) is a butterfly of the Pieridae family. It is found in the
dry parts of tropical Africa, northern Africa, Spain and southwest Arabia.

 

 

 

Colotis antevippe zera

 

Colotis amata

 

 

 

 Large Orange Tip (Colotis antevippe zera). Widespread.

 

Topaz Arab (Colotis amata). Subfamily Pierinae

 

 

 

Tiny orange tip Colotis evagore

 

Tiny Orange Tip (Colotis evagore) common and widespread in grassland.

 

 

 

African Wood White

 

Ethmia

 

 

 

African Wood White or Flip Flop (Leptosia alcesta), Subfamily Pierinae

 

Ethmia sp. or aberdaresi, Family Depressariidae

 

 

 

Totenkopffalter

Raupe

 

 

 

Sphingidae is a family of moths, commonly known as hawk moths,
sphinx moths and hornworms. Death's-head Hawkmoth (Acherontia sp) in Nairobi.

 

Before butterflies and moths can be seen flying around
they have to pass the stage of caterpillars and pupas.

 

 

 

Pseudophelia flavomarginata

 

Yellow Emperor moth

 

 

 

Apollo Moth, Family Saturniidae has several pseydonyms
Saturnia apollinaris, Heniocha paleacea, Bombyx balamoal, Pseudaphelia flavomarginata. Distribution area: From East to South Africa

 

Yellow Emperor Moth, Family Saturniidae

 

 

 

Pseudobunaea irius

 

Silver striped moth

 

 

 

Pseudobunaea irius, a large member of the family Saturniidae

 

Silver-striped or Vine hawk-moth (Hippotion celerio). Family Sphingidae.
It is wide spread in African and up to India and Sri Lanka.

 

 

 

Nephele accentifera

 

Convolvulus hawkmoth

 

 

 

Accented Hawk (Nephele accentifera), Family Sphingidae. Most
common in Ethiopian region. Quite a large moth with up to 80 mm wingspan.

 

Convovulus hawkmoth (Agrius convovuli), Family Sphingidae
Widespread in Africa, up to Europe, Asia, India and Australia.
Caterpillars feed on Convolvulus plants / morning glories.

 

 

 

Pseudoclanis kenyae

 

Hippotion eson

 

 

 

Pseudoclanis kenyae, Family Sphingidae.
Found from Aethiopia, South Sudan to Malawi.

 

Hippotion eson, Family Sphingidae, Ethiopien region up to Madagascar

 

 

 

Macroglossum trochilus

 

Processionary moth

 

 

 

Hummingbird hawk (Macroglossum trochilus), Family Sphingidae. Widespread.

 

Processionary moth (Anaphe rediculata), Family Thaumetopoidae

 

 

 

Processionary moth caterpillar

 

Caterpillars of Processionary moths gather at daytime on a tree stem close to each other for camouflage and protection. At night they search for food. The red bristles show after beeing disturbed as warning.