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The Indian Ocean, coastal areas partly forested to savannahs, semi-deserts, mountain forests, fresh water and soda lakes, rivers, glaciers and rainforests provide a huge range of different biotopes and are responsible for the big variety of bird species. Currently more than 1.400 registered species, of which around 100 are migratory birds, occur in East Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Rwanda. You find little brown birds, very colourful species and majestic vultures and eagles. Parks and sanctuaries have between 300 and over 550 registered bird species. East Africa is a paradise for ornithologists. But also non birders will be fascinated by some of the impressive birds.

Many species are spread all over the continent, but several are endemic and only occur in small ranges. We as the specialists know where to find them.

Pictures are listed in the same order as in most bird books.

Pictures taken by Elvira Wolfer and clients









Black Cuckoo-Shrike (Campephaga flava).
Intra-African migrant, widespread. Female.

Black Cuckoo-Shrike, male



Purple Throated cuckoo shrike
Petits Cuckooshrike



Purple-throated Cuckooshrike (Campephaga quiscalina) occurs locally
from East to Westafrica in forested areas. Mt. Kenya, by Sammy Mugo

Petit’s Cuckooshrike (Campephaga petiti) lives in
East Africa at forest edges. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda




Common or Fork-tailed drongo (Dicrurus a. adsimilis )
has red eyes. Widespread in Africa.






Eurasian Golden Oriole (Oriolus oriolus) spends the Northern winter in many parts of Africa.
Adult bird left and immature bird,from Nairobi region.



African Golden Oriole



(Eastern Black-headed oriole (Oriolus larvatus rolleti) are more
often heard than seen. Widespread from East to Southern Africa.

African Golden Oriole (Oriolus auratus notatus) is from
April to September in East Africa. Intra African migrant.



Mountain Oriole
Dwarf raven



Mountain or Black-tailed Oriole (Oriolus percivali) only lives in
Mt. Kenya/Aberdare, Mt. Elgon and Ruwenzori region in forests
above 1.500 m. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda

Dwarf Raven or Somali Crow (Corvus edithae) occurs in the
horn of Africa and in Kenya only in the most Northern region.







House Crows (Corvus s.splendens) were introduced from India. They
have multiplied to an extend that they are endangering indigenous
birds and butterflies. In some areas people try to destroy them.

Piapiac (Ptilostomus afer) occurs from Lake Victoria
to Westafrica. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda




Cape Crow



White-necked Raven (Corvus albicollis) is a large
crow and occurs locally from East to South Africa.

Cape Crow, Black Crow or Cape Rook (Corvus capensis) occurs
in highlands between 1.350 and 2.500 m in Kenya, as well as in
Northern Kenya, Serengeti and Southern Africa.






Pied crows (Corvus albicollis). Widespread in Africa, often near garbagge.

Fan-tailed Raven (Corvus rhipidurus) occurs in more Northern areas in Kenya.






Grey (African) Penduline-Tit (Anthoscopus caroli sylviella) is uncommon in open woodland and savanna in Kenya and Tanzania.






White-winged or Northern Black Tit (Parus leucomelas) is
found West of Lake Victoria and in a narrow band from Northeast
to Southwest Tanzania. Photo Fabian Krokan, Rwanda

White-bellied tit (Parus albiventris). Fairly common
in wooded habitats in Kenya and Tanzania.



Somali Tit

Somali / Northern Grey / Acacia Tit (Parus thruppi barake) is the subspecies found in Kenya in dry acacia woodland. Lake Baringo






Arrow-marked babblers (Turdoides jardineii emini) are locally common from
Riftvalley lakes to Tanzania and live in noisy groups. Photo Birgitt Lokan

Northern pied babbler (Turdoides h. hypoleucus).
Central Kenya and Northern Tanzania.



Brown Babbler

Hindes babbler



Brown Babbler (Turdoides plebejus) uncommon in small
groups from Northwestern Kenya to West Africa. Lake Baringo

Hinde’s Babbler (Turdoides hindei). Small distribution areas in Central Kenya. Prefers a bushy habitat. Photo Lorenzo Barelli



Black lored babbler



Rufous Chatterer (Turdoides r.rubiginosus). Widespread in
dense bush and thickets below 1.500 m in East Africa.

Black-lored babbler (Turdoides sharpei) occurs
locally in East Africa. Lake Elementaita.



Dodsons bulbul



Common / Dark-capped / Black-eyed bulbul (Pycnonotus (barbatus)
tricolor). Widespread from East to West Africa.

Dodson’s bulbul (Pycnonotus dodsoni) is
found in dry acacia country in Kenya, Somalia.



Northern Brownbul




Northern Brownbul (Phyllastrephus strepitans) prefers dry thickets and
tangles in forest undegrowth in pairs or in small groups. Mainly a
coastal bird in Somalia, Kenya and Northern Tanzania, but spreads
inland in dry forested areas.

Yellow-whiskered bulbul (Eurillas latirostris) is in forested
areas from Central Kenya to West Africa. Photo Lorenzo Barelli






(Zanzibar) Sombre Greenbul (Andropadus importunus).
Common and conspicuous in coastal scrub and thickets along East Coast.

Mountain Greenbul (Arizelocichla (nigriceps) kikuyuensis). Central
to West Kenyan forested highlands, West Uganda and East DRC.
The supspecies nigripens is found in Northern Tanzania. Some
authors consider them as full species.



Slenderbilled Greenbul

YellowBellied Greenbul



Slender-billed Greenbul (Stelgidillas gracilirostris) lives in
forests from Westkenya to Westafrica. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda

Yellow-bellied Greenbul (Chlorocichla flaviventris) lives in thickets
from Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Mocambique, Botswana and Angola.
Photo Axel Koehler



Yellow throated leaf love

Western Nicator



Yellow-throated leave-love (Greenbul) (Atimastillas flavicollis).
Usually in small groups in forested areas from Western Kenya to
DRC and Westafrica. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda

Western nicator (Nicator chloris) is found from Westuganda
further west in forested areas. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda