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Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Ruanda are some of the best birding countries due to the various habitats. The Indian Ocean, coastal areas partly forested to savannahs, semi-deserts, deserts, mountain forests, alpine/moorland, fresh water and soda lakes, rivers, glaciers and rainforests provide a huge range of different biotopes and are responsible for the big variety of bird species. Currently more than 1.400 registered species occur in East Africa. Among them are around 100 migratory birds from Eurasia, others are Intra African migrants but many are permanent residents. You find little brown birds, very colourful species and majestic vultures and eagles. Parks and sanctuaries have between 300 and over 550 registered bird species. East Africa is a paradise for ornithologists. But also non birders will be fascinated by some of the impressive birds.

Many species are spread in many regions, but several are endemic and only occur in small ranges.
We as the specialists know where to find them.

Species are listed according to families. The book “Birds of Africa South of the Sahara” served as guideline.

Pictures taken by Elvira Wolfer, Lorenzo Barelli (Photographer and birding tour leader) and clients









Black Cuckoo-Shrike (Campephaga flava).
Intra-African migrant, widespread. Female.

Black Cuckoo-Shrike, male



Purple Throated cuckoo shrike
Petits Cuckooshrike



Purple-throated Cuckooshrike (Campephaga quiscalina) occurs locally
from East to Westafrica in forested areas. Mt. Kenya, by Sammy Mugo

Petit’s Cuckooshrike (Campephaga petiti) lives in
East Africa at forest edges. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda



Grey Cuckooshrike

Grey Cuckooshrike (Ceblepyris caesia) rare in
highland forests locally in Africa. Photo Lorenzo Barelli




Square-tailed Drongo



Common or Fork-tailed drongo (Dicrurus a. adsimilis )
has red eyes. Widespread in Africa.

Square-tailed Drongo (Dicrurus ludwigii) occurs in Kakamega,
coastal and other forests in Africa. Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Kakamega Forst






Eurasian Golden Oriole (Oriolus oriolus) spends the Northern winter in many parts of Africa.
Adult bird left and immature bird,from Nairobi region.



African Golden Oriole



(Eastern Black-headed oriole (Oriolus larvatus rolleti) are more
often heard than seen. Widespread from East to Southern Africa.

African Golden Oriole (Oriolus auratus notatus) is from
April to September in East Africa. Intra African migrant.



Mountain Oriole
Green-headed oriole



Mountain or Black-tailed Oriole (Oriolus percivali) only lives in
Mt. Kenya/Aberdare, Mt. Elgon and Ruwenzori region in forests
above 1.500 m. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda

Green-headed Oriole (Oriolus chlorocephalus) is found at South coast
of Kenya and Northeastern Tanzania in mountain forests. Photo Lorenzo Barelli



Dwarf raven



Dwarf Raven or Somali Crow (Corvus edithae) occurs in the
horn of Africa and in Kenya only in the most Northern region.

Fan-tailed Raven (Corvus rhipidurus) occurs in more Northern areas in Kenya.







House Crows (Corvus s.splendens) were introduced from India. They
have multiplied to an extend that they are endangering indigenous
birds and butterflies. In some areas people try to destroy them.

Piapiac (Ptilostomus afer) occurs from Lake Victoria
to Westafrica. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda




Cape Crow



White-necked Raven (Corvus albicollis) is a large
crow and occurs locally from East to South Africa.

Cape Crow, Black Crow or Cape Rook (Corvus capensis) occurs
in highlands between 1.350 and 2.500 m in Kenya, as well as in
Northern Kenya, Serengeti and Southern Africa.



Mouse-coloured Penduline-Tit



Pied crows (Corvus albicollis). Widespread in Africa, often near garbagge.

Mouse-coloured Penduline-Tit (Anthoscopus musculus) occurs
in dry areas in East Africa. Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Lake Baringo






Grey (African) Penduline-Tit (Anthoscopus caroli sylviella) is uncommon in open woodland and savanna in Kenya and Tanzania.






White-winged or Northern Black Tit (Parus leucomelas) is
found West of Lake Victoria and in a narrow band from Northeast
to Southwest Tanzania. Photo Fabian Krokan, Rwanda

White-bellied tit (Parus albiventris). Fairly common
in wooded habitats in Kenya and Tanzania.



Somali Tit

Somali / Northern Grey / Acacia Tit (Parus thruppi barake) is the subspecies found in Kenya in dry acacia woodland. Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Lake Baringo






Arrow-marked babblers (Turdoides jardineii emini) are locally
common from Riftvalley lakes to Tanzania and live in noisy groups.

Northern pied babbler (Turdoides h. hypoleucus).
Central Kenya and Northern Tanzania.



Brown Babbler

Hindes babbler



Brown Babbler (Turdoides plebejus) uncommon in small
groups from Northwestern Kenya to West Africa. Lake Baringo

Hinde’s Babbler (Turdoides hindei). Small distribution areas in Central Kenya. Prefers a bushy habitat. Photo Lorenzo Barelli



Black lored babbler



Rufous Chatterer (Turdoides r.rubiginosus). Widespread in
dense bush and thickets below 1.500 m in East Africa.

Black-lored babbler (Turdoides sharpei) occurs
locally in East Africa. Lake Elementaita.



Mountain Illadopsis

African Hill Babbler



Mountain Illadopsis (Illadopsis pyrrhoptera) can be found
in mountain forests in East Africa. Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Mt. Kenya

African / Abyssinian Hill Babbler (Sylvia a. abyssinica) occurs
in Mt. Forests locally in Africa. Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Mt. Kenya



Dodsons bulbul



Common / Dark-capped / Black-eyed bulbul (Pycnonotus (barbatus)
tricolor). Widespread from East to West Africa.

Dodson’s bulbul (Pycnonotus dodsoni) is
found in dry acacia country in Kenya, Somalia.



White-throated Greenbul

White-throated Greenbul (Phyllastrephus albigularis) lebt in Waldgebieten in Uganda. Photo Marina Meger, Budongo Forest, Uganda



Placid Greenbul
Terrestrial Bulbul



Placid Greenbul (Phyllastrephus placidus) occurs in mid
range forests from Northern Kenya to Tanzania. Photo Lorenzo Barelli

Terrestrial Brownbul (Phyllastrephus terrestris) occurs in forested
areas in coastal region and further South.
Photo Lorenzo Barelli



Northern Brownbul



Northern Brownbul (Phyllastrephus strepitans) prefers dry thickets and
tangles in forest undegrowth in pairs or in small groups. Mainly a
coastal bird in Somalia, Kenya and Northern Tanzania, but spreads
inland in dry forested areas.

Yellow-whiskered bulbul (Eurillas latirostris) is in forested
areas from Central Kenya to West Africa. Photo Lorenzo Barelli



Little Greenbul

Ansorge's Greenbul



Little Greenbul (Eurillas virens) is found in forests
from East to West Africa. Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Kakamega Forest

Ansorge’s Greenbul (Eurillas ansorgei kavirondensi). This subspecies is found
in Kakamega and Mt. Elgon Forest. Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Kakamega Forest






(Zanzibar) Sombre Greenbul (Andropadus importunus).
Common and conspicuous in coastal scrub and thickets along East Coast.

Mountain Greenbul (Arizelocichla (nigriceps) kikuyuensis). Central
to West Kenyan forested highlands, West Uganda and East DRC.
The supspecies nigripens is found in Northern Tanzania. Some
authors consider them as full species.



Stripe-faced Greenbul



Kakamega Greenbul (Arizelocichla kakamegae) occurs
in forests in Kakamega und Uganda. Photo Marina Meger

Stripe-faced Greenbul (Arizelocichla striifacies) is in highlands in Southeastern
Kenya and Northeastern Tanzania. Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Taita Hills



Slenderbilled Greenbul

YellowBellied Greenbul



Slender-billed Greenbul (Stelgidillas gracilirostris) lives in
forests from Westkenya to Westafrica. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda

Yellow-bellied Greenbul (Chlorocichla flaviventris centralis) lives in thickets
from Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania to Mocambique. Photo Lorenzo Barelli



Joyful Greenbul
Yellow throated leaf love



Joyful Greenbul (Chlorocichla l.laetissima) is found in
Kakamega Forest und Western Uganda. Photo Lorenzo Barelli

Yellow-throated leave-love (Greenbul) (Atimastillas flavicollis).
Usually in small groups in forested areas from Western Kenya to
DRC and Westafrica. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda



Eastern Nicator

Western Nicator



Eastern (Yellow-spotted) Nicator (Nicator gularis) is found in
dense forests along coast and inland. Photo Lorenzo Barelli

Western nicator (Nicator chloris) is found from Westuganda
further west in forested areas. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda