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The Indian Ocean, coastal areas partly forested to savannahs, semi-deserts, mountain forests, fresh water and soda lakes, rivers, glaciers and rainforests provide a huge range of different biotopes and are responsible for the big variety of bird species. Currently more than 1.400 registered species, of which around 100 are migratory birds, occur in East Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Rwanda. You find little brown birds, very colourful species and majestic vultures and eagles. Parks and sanctuaries have between 300 and over 550 registered bird species. East Africa is a paradise for ornithologists. But also non birders will be fascinated by some of the impressive birds.

Many species are spread all over the continent, but several are endemic and only occur in small ranges. We as the specialists know where to find them.

Pictures are listed in the same order as in most bird books.

Pictures taken by Elvira Wolfer and clients







African Quailfinch




Cut-Throat finch (Amadina fasciata alexanderi).
Fairly common in dry areas.

African Quailfinch (Ortygospiza fuscocrissa muelleri) feeds on
short grass plains in Kenya and Tanzania. Often near water.









African Silverbill (Lonchura cantans). Small flocks are found in
dry bush in Kenya and Northern Tanzania. Tsavo West National park

Grey-headed Silverbill (Lonchuta griseicapilla). Wander
in small flocks in Kenya and Northern Tanzania.







Black-cheeked waxbill (Estrilda charmosyna).
Local in dry areas in Kenya.

Black-faced waxbill (Estrildaerythoronotus delamerei).
From Central Kenya to Lake Vitoria to Northern and Central Tanzania.






Common Waxbill (Estrilda astrild). Common and widespread
in grassy and shrubby places. Gregarious.

Crimson-rumped Waxbill (Estrilda rhodopyga centralis).
Widespread in bush and grassland in Eastafrica.




Black_crowned Waxbill





Black-crowned Waxbill (Estrilda n. nonnula) occurs in Western
Kenya, North and West of Lake Victoria. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda


Purple grenadier couple (Uraegitnhus ianthinogaster).
Fairly common and widespread.




Bronze mannikin (Spermestes cucullata sculata). Widespread
in Africa. Feeds on seeds and builds small flocks.









Black-and-white Mannikin (Spermestes bicolor) is found from
Western Kenya to Westafrica. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda

Red-backed Mannikin or Brown-backed Munia (Spermestes nigriceps); sometimes regarded as a subspecies of Black-and-white Mannikin (Spermestes bicolor. It has its most Northern distribution area at Kenya’s coast and Central.



red cheeked cordon bleu





Red-cheeked cordon-bleu (Uraeginthus b.bengalus).
Widespread. Feeds on ground.

Blue-capped Cordon-Bleu (Uraeginthus cyanocephalus).
Fairly common in arid and semi-arid country. Feeds on ground.









Green-winged Pytilia (Pytilia melba soudanensis). Common
on or near ground in dense bush. Widespread in Africa.

Red-billed firefinch (Lagonosticta senegala rubberima).
Feeds on seeds on the ground. Male and female. Widespread.




Abyssinian Crimsonwing


Peters Twinspot




Abyssinian Crimsonwing (Cryptospiza salvadorri kilimensis).
This subspecies occurs in Kenya,


Peter’s Twinspot (Hypargos niveoguttatus macrospilotus) is relatively
wide spread but rarely seen since it lives in undergrowth of forest edges.








Red-headed Bluebill (Spermophaga r.ruficapilla). Female, male do
not have spots. Common in Westkenya forests. Kakamega
. Photo Lorenzo Barelli

Grey-headed Negrofinch (Nigrita canicapilla schistacea) is fairly common
in highland forests from East to West Africa. Foto Marina Meger, Uganda