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Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Ruanda are some of the best birding countries due to the various habitats. The Indian Ocean, coastal areas partly forested to savannahs, semi-deserts, deserts, mountain forests, alpine/moorland, fresh water and soda lakes, rivers, glaciers and rainforests provide a huge range of different biotopes and are responsible for the big variety of bird species. Currently more than 1.400 registered species occur in East Africa. Among them are around 100 migratory birds from Eurasia, others are Intra African migrants but many are permanent residents. You find little brown birds, very colourful species and majestic vultures and eagles. Parks and sanctuaries have between 300 and over 550 registered bird species. East Africa is a paradise for ornithologists. But also non birders will be fascinated by some of the impressive birds.

Many species are spread in many regions, but several are endemic and only occur in small ranges.
We as the specialists know where to find them.

Species are listed according to families. The book “Birds of Africa South of the Sahara” served as guideline.

Pictures taken by Elvira Wolfer, Lorenzo Barelli (Photographer and birding tour leader) and clients



Greater Flamingos



You can hardly describe the chatter, buzz of activity and the ‘Flamenco’
dance’ nor capture it on pictures. In any case this huge mass of
flamingos are an attraction worth to be seen. Lesser Flamingos, Lake Bogoria

Greater flamingo  (Phoenicopterus roseus). Can in
Kenya be found at the lakes Bogoria, Nakuru and Elementaita.






Great white pelicans (Pelecanus onocrotalus) occur in lakes with fish such as Nakuru, Amboseli, Naivasha and others.
Photo Rolf and Maria Bonkwald






Pink-backed Pelican (Pelecanus rufescens). Widespread in Africa.

Shoebill (Balaeniceps rex) are found from Sudan, Uganda and a bit
further South in swamps where they feed on fish. Pairs have 5 sqkm
large territories, while groups feed in good fish areas. Status: vulnerable.
Mugamba Swamps, Photo Marina Meger






Sacred Ibis (Threskiornis a. aethiopicus) picks
various creatures from the water. Widespread in Africa.

Glossy Ibis (Plegadis f. falcinellus). Widespread in Africa.






Hadada Ibis (Bostrychia hagedash brevirostris)
searches for insects and snails. Widespread in Africa.

African spoonbill (Platalea alba) strain small creatures
with their flat bills out of the water. Widespread in Africa.




Marabou storks (Leptoptilus crumeniferus).
Widespread in Africa.






Saddle-billed stork (Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis)
is a very attractive bird. They search for frogs and toads
in water. Widespread. Female with yellow eye.

African Open-billed Stork (Anastomus lamelligerus) feeds on snails
and other creatures in and around water. Widespread in Africa.






Woolly-necked storks (Ciconia episcopus microscelis) are fairly
common on coastal lagoons, uncommon elsewhere.

Black Stork (Ciconia nigra). Regular palearctic
migrant from October to April. Nairobi National park.






Abdim’s Stork (Ciconia abdimii) migrates with rain within
Africa and can be seen in huge flocks.

Yellow-billed stork (Myctria ibis) widespread in Africa.






White storks (Ciconia c. ciconia) for Eastern Europe spend the Northern winter in East Africa.