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The Indian Ocean, coastal areas partly forested to savannahs, semi-deserts, mountain forests, fresh water and soda lakes, rivers, glaciers and rainforests provide a huge range of different biotopes and are responsible for the big variety of bird species. Currently more than 1.400 registered species, of which around 100 are migratory birds, occur in East Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Rwanda. You find little brown birds, very colourful species and majestic vultures and eagles. Parks and sanctuaries have between 300 and over 550 registered bird species. East Africa is a paradise for ornithologists. But also non birders will be fascinated by some of the impressive birds.

Many species are spread all over the continent, but several are endemic and only occur in small ranges. We as the specialists know where to find them.

Pictures are listed in the same order as in most bird books.

Pictures taken by Elvira Wolfer and clients.



Equatorial Akalat

Equatorial akalat (Sheppardia aequatorialis) is a shy bird in forest undergrowth in Western Kenya, Uganda and Ruwenzori region. Photo Sammy Mugo, Kakamega Forest







Pale or mouse-coloured Flycatcher (Bradornis pallidus murinus).
Widespread in Africa.

African Grey Flycatcher (Bradornis m. Microrhynchus).
Widespread in East Africa.






White-eyed slaty flycatcher (Malaenornis f.fischeri)
perches on branches and catches insects. Widespread.

Northern Black Flycatcher (Melaenornis edolioides).
West of Great Rift Valley and North of equator. Kakamega.






Southern black flycatcher (Melaenornis pammelaina). East of Great Rift Valley and mainly South of the equator.



Yellow-eyed Black Flycatcher

Yellow-eyed black flycatcher (Melaenornis ardeisiacus) is endemic to Albertine Rift. Photo Fabian Krokan, Uganda






Silver bird (Empidornis semipartitus).
In Acacia savannain Kenya and Northern Tanzania.

Silver bird, juvenile.



Vangaschnaepper female
Vangaschnaepper male



Black-and-white or Vanga flycatcher (Bias musicus) occurs from Uganda further West. Female, male is black and white only. Photo Marina Meger

Black-and-white or Vanga flycatcher (Bias musicus), male. Photo Marina Meger




African dusky flycatcher (Muscicapa
adusta interposita). Widespread in Africa.



Cassins Flycatcher



Swamp Flycatcher (Muscicapa aquatica infulata).
In papyrus swamps around Lake Victoria.

Cassin’s Flycatcher (Muscicapa cassini) at forested rivers from
Western Uganda further west. Photo Marina Meger, Westuganda






Ashy (Blue-grey) Flycatcher (Muscicapa caerulescens)
is found in riverine forests and moist, open broadleafed woodland
from West to East and Southeast Africa.

Spotted Flycatcher (Muscicapa striata). Common and widespread
Palearctic passage visitor from late September to April.



Paradiesschnaepper hell



African Paradise Flycatcher (Terpsiphone viridis) is common in wooded
areas and gardens in Africa. It eats insects. The male grows a very long
tail during breeding season. This and pale morph occur.

The white morph is found in Marsabit, Samburu, Baringo, Bogoria.



Dusky Crested Flycatcher



Grey Tit-flycatcher (Lead-coloured Flycatcher) (Myoparus plumbeus) is
uncommon in riverine and acacia woods but widespread in Africa.
Photo Sammy Mugo

Dusky Crested Flycatcher (Elminia nigromitratus) is uncommon in
Kakamega and Chemoni Forests. To get a picture is real luck.
Foto Lorenzo Barelli, Kakamega Forest



WhiteTailed Blue Flycatcher



African blue Flycatcher (Elminia longicauda teresita).
Westkenya. Kakamega, spotted in Masai Mara.

White-tailed Blue Flycatcher (Elminia albicauda). West Uganda,
Central Africa in forested areas. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda



Little Yellow Flycatcher

Little Yellow Flycatcher (Erythrocercus holochlorus) can only
be found in forested areas in Northern Tanzana, Kenya
and Somalia. Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Arabuko Sokoke Forest






Chin-spot Batis (Batis molitor). Commonest batis, widespread in Africa. Left male, right female.



pygmy batis male
Pygmy batis female



Pygmy Batis (Batis perkeo) is endemic to Northeastern Africa in dry areas. Lake Baringo




Common Wattle-Eye, Brown-throated or Scarlet-spectacled Wattle-eye
(Patysteira cyanea) occurs from Westkenya to Westafrica. Only females
have the brown throat. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda