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Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Ruanda are some of the best birding countries due to the various habitats. The Indian Ocean, coastal areas partly forested to savannahs, semi-deserts, deserts, mountain forests, alpine/moorland, fresh water and soda lakes, rivers, glaciers and rainforests provide a huge range of different biotopes and are responsible for the big variety of bird species. Currently more than 1.400 registered species occur in East Africa. Among them are around 100 migratory birds from Eurasia, others are Intra African migrants but many are permanent residents. You find little brown birds, very colourful species and majestic vultures and eagles. Parks and sanctuaries have between 300 and over 550 registered bird species. East Africa is a paradise for ornithologists. But also non birders will be fascinated by some of the impressive birds.

Many species are spread in many regions, but several are endemic and only occur in small ranges.
We as the specialists know where to find them.

Species are listed according to families. The book “Birds of Africa South of the Sahara” served as guideline.

Pictures taken by Elvira Wolfer, Lorenzo Barelli (Photographer and birding tour leader) and clients

 

 

Equatorial Akalat

East Coast Akalat

 

 

Equatorial akalat (Sheppardia aequatorialis) is a shy bird in
forest undergrowth in Western Kenya, Uganda and Ruwenzori
region. Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Kakamega Forest

East Coast (Gunning’s) akalat (Sheppardia gunningi) exists in
lowland forests along East African coast. Vulnerable.
Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Arabuko Sokoke Forest

 

 

Grey-winged Robin-chat
Schuppenkopfroetel

 

 

Grey-winged Robin-chat (Sheppardia polioptera) occurs in Western Kenya
and in some areas further West.
Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Kakamega Forest

Snowy-headed Robin Chat (Cossypha nivelcapilla) is not uncommon but
shy. It occurs in forests in Kakamega and Uganda. Photo Marina Meger

 

 

Red-capped Robin-Chat
Rueppels_Robin Chat

 

 

Red-capped Robin-chat (Cossypha natalensis) occurs in thickets
in East Africa and further South. Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Arabuko Sokoke Forest

Rüppel’s Robin-chat (Cossypha semirufa intercedens) lives in bushes
and forest edges from Central to extreme Northern Tanzania, in
Ethiopia and Sudan. It has a large variety of songs and immitates others.

 

 

Weissbrauenroetel
Blauschulterroetel

 

 

White-browed robin-chat (Cossypha h.heuglini) has a broader supercilium than
Rüppel’s. Widespread in Africa. In Kenya in the Rift Valley, Western and coast.

Blue-shouldered Robin-Chat (Cossypha cyanocampter).
Local in western Kenyan forests. Kakamega Forest and further West.

 

 

Kaproetel
Starroetel

 

 

Cape Robin-Chat (Cossypha caffra iolaema). In bushy
and forested areas in Kenya and Tanzania.

White-starred Robin (Pgonocichla stellata) locally common
in highland forests in Africa. Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Mt. Kenya

 

 

Morgenroetel_Axel
SpottedMorningThrush

 

 

Collared Palm-Thrush (Cichladusa arquata) is found along Kenya’s
coast and further South in palm savanna.
Photo Axel Köhler, Southern Tanzania

Spotted Palm-Thrush (Cichladusa g.guttata).
Below 1.600 m in dry thickets in East Africa.

 

 

Nachtigall
Sprosser1

 

 

Common Nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos) spends the Eurasian
Winter from November to March in East to Westafrica.
Despite they is not breeding they sometimes sing very actively.

Thrush nightingale or Sprosser (Luscinia megarhynchos hafizi).
Migratory bird from Europe between October and March. It is elusive
and hides in thick bushes in parts of Kenya and Tanzania.

 

 

Weissbrauenbuschroetel
Streifenkopfheckensaenger

 

 

White-browed srub robin (Erythropygia
leucophrys). Widespread in different subspecies.

(Eastern) Bearded scrub-robin (Erythropygia quadrivirgata) occurs in
thickets along the Kenyan coast and only a few places inland, Tanzania
and further South. It is an easily overlooked. Oldonyo Sabuk National park

 

 

Rufous Bush Chat
Whinchat

 

 

Rufous-tailed Scrub-Robin / Rufous Bush Chat (Cercotrichas
galactotes) spents the winter in East Africa. Photo Lorenzo Barelli

Whinchat (Sacicola rubetra) spends the North winter
in East/Northeast Africa. Photo Lorenzo Barelli

 

 

Scharzkehlchen_Maennchen
BrownTailedRockChat

 

 

Common Stone Chat (Saxicola torquata). Male. The Africans are found in
 many countries from 500 to 2.500 m, The Europeans are on the red list.

Brown-tailed Rock-chat (Oenanthe scotocerca) is uncommon in
dry rocky areas from Turkana region to Baringo district.

 

 

Moorlandschmaetzer
Russtermitenschmaetzer

 

 

Where ever you pass in the open moorland you find the Alpine
or Moorland chat
(Pinarochroa  sordida ernesti). Endemic in
Kenya to the Mount Kenya / Aberdare region in Tanzania Kilimanjaro area.

Northern Anteater chat (Myrmecocichla aethiops cryptoleuca)
in typical position. From East to West Africa in savanna.

 

 

Termitenschmaetzer
Steinschmaetzer

 

 

Sooty chat (Myrmecocichla nigra).
Mara/Serengeti plains and other countries.

Northern Wheatears (Oenanthe oenanthe oenanthe) spend the
European winter in East Africa where they can be met in different areas.

 

 

Isabelline Wheatear
Nonnenschmaetzer

 

 

Isabelline wheatear (Oenanthe isabellina)
migrates to bushland in East Africa.

Pied Wheatear (Oenanthe p. pleschanka). Migrant, fairly
common and widespread in drier areas.

 

 

Schalow'swheatear
Erdschmaetzer

 

 

Schalow’s Wheatear (Oenanthe schalowi).
Has 3 localities in Kenya and Northern Tanzania, one is Hell’s Gate.

Capped wheatears (Oenanthe pileata livingstonii) are locally
common on open grassland above 1400 m. from Kenya further South.

 

 

Rotbauchdrosselschmaetzer

Mocking Cliff chat (Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris subrufipennis).
Uncommon near cliffs.

 

 

Blasschnaepper

Grauschnaepper

 

 

Pale or mouse-coloured Flycatcher (Bradornis pallidus murinus).
Widespread in Africa.

African Grey Flycatcher (Bradornis m. Microrhynchus).
Widespread in East Africa.

 

 

Brillenschnaepper
NorthernBlackFlycatcher

 

 

White-eyed slaty flycatcher (Malaenornis f.fischeri)
perches on branches and catches insects. Widespread.

Northern Black Flycatcher (Melaenornis edolioides).
West of Great Rift Valley and North of equator. Kakamega.

 

 

SouthernBlackFlycatcher

 

 

Southern black flycatcher (Melaenornis pammelaina). East of Great Rift Valley and mainly South of the equator.

 

 

Yellow-eyed Black Flycatcher

Yellow-eyed black flycatcher (Melaenornis ardeisiacus) is endemic to Albertine Rift. Photo Fabian Krokan, Uganda

 

 

Silberschnaepper
Silberschnaepper_jung

 

 

Silver bird (Empidornis semipartitus).
In Acacia savannain Kenya and Northern Tanzania.

Silver bird, juvenile.

 

 

Vangaschnaepper female
Vangaschnaepper male

 

 

Black-and-white or Vanga flycatcher (Bias musicus) occurs from Uganda
further West. Female, male is black and white only. Photo Marina Meger

Black-and-white or Vanga flycatcher (Bias musicus),
male. Photo Marina Meger

 

 

Cassins Flycatcher
Schieferschnaepper

 

 

Cassin’s Flycatcher (Muscicapa cassini) at forested rivers from
Western Uganda further west. Photo Marina Meger, Westuganda

Ashy (Blue-grey) Flycatcher (Muscicapa caerulescens)
is found in riverine forests and moist, open broadleafed woodland
from West to East and Southeast Africa.

 

 

Sumpf_Fliegenschnaepper
SpottedFlycatcher

 

 

Swamp Flycatcher (Muscicapa aquatica infulata).
In papyrus swamps around Lake Victoria.

Spotted Flycatcher (Muscicapa striata). Common and widespread
Palearctic passage visitor from late September to April.

 

 

Gambaga Flycatcher
Dunkelschnaepper

 

 

Gambaga Flycatcher (Muscicapa gambagae) is occasionally
found in acacia areas from East to West Africa. Photo Lorenzo Barelli

African dusky flycatcher (Muscicapa
adusta interposita). Widespread in Africa.

 

 

Chapin's Flycatcher
Grey Tit-Flycatcher

 

 

Chapin’s Flycatcher (Muscicapa lendu) is found in Kakamega
Forest and more in the West. Vulnerable.
Photo Lorenzo Barelli

Grey Tit (Lead-coloured) Flycatcher (Myoparus plumbeus) is
uncommon in riverine and acacia woods but widespread in Africa.
Photo Marina Meger, Uganda

 

 

Paradiesschnaepper
Paradiesschnaepper hell

 

 

African Paradise Flycatcher (Terpsiphone viridis) is common in wooded
areas and gardens in Africa. It eats insects. The male grows a very long
tail during breeding season. This and pale morph occur.

The white morph is found in Marsabit, Samburu, Baringo, Bogoria.

 

 

Dusky Crested Flycatcher
WhiteTailed Blue Flycatcher

 

 

Dusky Crested Flycatcher (Elminia nigromitratus) is uncommon in
Kakamega and Chemoni Forests. To get a picture is real luck.
Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Kakamega Forest

White-tailed Blue Flycatcher (Elminia albicauda). West Uganda,
Central Africa in forested areas. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda

 

 

Blauer_Fliegenschnaepper
Little Yellow Flycatcher

 

 

African blue Flycatcher (Elminia longicauda teresita).
Westkenya. Kakamega, spotted in Masai Mara.

Little Yellow Flycatcher (Erythrocercus holochlorus) can only
be found in forested areas in Northern Tanzana, Kenya
and Somalia. Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Arabuko Sokoke Forest

 

 

ChinspotBatis_male
Weissflanken_Wollschnaepper1

 

 

Chin-spot Batis (Batis molitor). Commonest batis, widespread in Africa. Left male, right female.

 

 

pygmy batis male
Pygmy batis female

 

 

Pygmy Batis (Batis perkeo) is endemic to Northeastern Africa in dry areas. Lake Baringo

 

 

Black-headed Batis minor

Short-tailed Batis

 

 

Eastern Black-headed Batis (Batis minor suahelica) occurs in wooded
savanna in Eastern Kenya and is not common West. Foto Lorenzo Barelli

Western Black-headed Batis (Batis (minor) erlangeri) is
common in wooded savanna in Western Kenya and further West.

Short-tailed (Forest) Batis (Batis mixta) is found in coastal
forest in Kenya and Northeastern Tanzania. Photo Lorenzo Barelli

 

 

CommonWattleEye

Common Wattle-Eye, Brown-throated or Scarlet-spectacled Wattle-eye
(Patysteira cyanea) occurs from Westkenya to Westafrica. Only females
have the brown throat. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda