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The Indian Ocean, coastal areas partly forested to savannahs, semi-deserts, mountain forests, fresh water and soda lakes, rivers, glaciers and rainforests provide a huge range of different biotopes and are responsible for the big variety of bird species. Currently more than 1.400 registered species, of which around 100 are migratory birds, occur in East Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Rwanda. You find little brown birds, very colourful species and majestic vultures and eagles. Parks and sanctuaries have between 300 and over 550 registered bird species. East Africa is a paradise for ornithologists. But also non birders will be fascinated by some of the impressive birds.

Many species are spread all over the continent, but several are endemic and only occur in small ranges. We as the specialists know where to find them.

Pictures are listed in the same order as in most bird books.

Pictures taken by Elvira Wolfer and clients.




Fulvous whistling duck (Denrocygna bicolor)
are not very common but widespread in Africa.







White-faced Whistling-duck (Dendrocygna viduata).
Quite common and widespread.

Maccoa Duck (Oxyura maccoa) the only stiff-tailed duck in the region. Locally
common on fresh water and alcaline lakes. Occasionally frequent on Momella Lakes.






Egyptian Goose (Alopochen aegyptiacus). Widespread in Africa.

Spur-winged Goose (Plectropterus gambensis) is widespread
in Africa at fresh water lakes. Male left, female right.






Knob-billed or comb duck (Sarkidiornis m. melanotos).
Widespread near water. The knob grows on the male’s bill
during breeding season.

Yellow-billed duck (Anas u.undulata). Widespread.






Northern Shoveler  (Anas clypeata). Locally common
from October to early April. Nakuru. Foto Lorenzo Barelli

The Hottentot teal (Anas hottentota) male differs from the female
by having a shiny green patch on each side. Widespread in Africa.






Cape teals (Anas capensis) prefer alkaline lakes. Nakuru National park

Red-billed teal (Anas erythrorhyncha). Widespread in Africa.



Black Duck

Black Duck (Anas sparsa) live along mountain streams mainly above 1.350 m from East to Southern Africa. They are uncommon. Aberdares