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Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Ruanda are some of the best birding countries due to the various habitats. The Indian Ocean, coastal areas partly forested to savannahs, semi-deserts, deserts, mountain forests, alpine/moorland, fresh water and soda lakes, rivers, glaciers and rainforests provide a huge range of different biotopes and are responsible for the big variety of bird species. Currently more than 1.400 registered species occur in East Africa. Among them are around 100 migratory birds from Eurasia, others are Intra African migrants but many are permanent residents. You find little brown birds, very colourful species and majestic vultures and eagles. Parks and sanctuaries have between 300 and over 550 registered bird species. East Africa is a paradise for ornithologists. But also non birders will be fascinated by some of the impressive birds.

Many species are spread in many regions, but several are endemic and only occur in small ranges.
We as the specialists know where to find them.

Species are listed according to families. The book “Birds of Africa South of the Sahara” served as guideline.

Pictures taken by Elvira Wolfer, Lorenzo Barelli (Photographer and birding tour leader) and clients







Fulvous whistling duck (Denrocygna bicolor)
are not very common but widespread in Africa.
Family Anatidae

White-faced Whistling-duck (Dendrocygna viduata).
Quite common and widespread.



White-backed Duck




White-backed Duck (Thalassornis leuconotus) likes floating vegetation.
Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Nairobi

Maccoa Duck (Oxyura maccoa) the only stiff-tailed duck in the region. Locally
common on fresh water or alcaline lakes. Frequent on Momella Lakes.






Egyptian Goose (Alopochen aegyptiacus). Widespread in Africa.

Spur-winged Goose (Plectropterus gambensis) is
widespread in Africa at fresh water lakes.






Knob-billed or comb duck (Sarkidiornis m. melanotos).
Widespread near water. The knob grows on the male’s bill
during breeding season.

Yellow-billed duck (Anas u.undulata). Widespread.






Northern Shoveler  (Anas clypeata). Locally common
from October to early April. Nakuru. Foto Lorenzo Barelli

The Hottentot teal (Anas hottentota) male differs from the female
by having a shiny green patch on each side. Widespread in Africa.






Cape teals (Anas capensis) prefer alkaline lakes. Nakuru National park

Red-billed teal (Anas erythrorhyncha). Widespread in Africa.



Black Duck




Black Duck (Anas sparsa) live along mountain streams mainly above
1.350 m from East to Southern Africa. They are uncommon. Nakuru

Garganey (Anas querquedula), migrant to East and West Africa.
Photo Lorenzo Barelli