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The Indian Ocean, coastal areas partly forested to savannahs, semi-deserts, mountain forests, fresh water and soda lakes, rivers, glaciers and rainforests provide a huge range of different biotopes and are responsible for the big variety of bird species. Currently more than 1.400 registered species, of which around 100 are migratory birds, occur in East Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Rwanda. You find little brown birds, very colourful species and majestic vultures and eagles. Parks and sanctuaries have between 300 and over 550 registered bird species. East Africa is a paradise for ornithologists. But also non birders will be fascinated by some of the impressive birds.

Many species are spread all over the continent, but several are endemic and only occur in small ranges. We as the specialists know where to find them.

Pictures are listed in the same order as in most bird books.

Pictures taken by Elvira Wolfer, Sammy Mugo (Ornithologist and safari guide) and clients.










Somali Ostriches (Struthio (camelus) molybdophanes). They differ
 from the Maasai Ostrich by having blue-grey legs and necks.
During mating season the legs on the males turn red.
From Northeastern Kenya further Northeast. Lewa Downs.

Masai or common ostrich (Struthio camelus massaicus) are further in the
South than Somali ostriches. In some areas they both occur.










Several hens lay eggs into the nest. The male and
the main hen do the breeding and raising of the chicks.

Secretary birds (Sagittarius serpentarius) chase insects and
reptiles with their feet. Snakes are killed by hits with
their strong claws. Widespread in Africa.



Noerdlicher Hornrabe_Male
Noerdlicher Hornrabe_female



(Northern) Abyssinian Ground Hornbill (Bucorvus abyssinicus).
Scarce in NW Kenya, local in Uganda to Westafrica. Male. Foto Claudio Comolli

Abyssinian Ground Hornbill, female.
Foto Claudio Comolli










Southern Ground Hornbill (Bucorvus leadbeateri) live in
family groups. Widespread from East to Southern Africa.

Eastern yellow-billed hornbill (Tockus flavirostris)
East Africa mainly in Kenya.





Tanzanian Red-billed hornbill





Red-billed hornbill (Tockus e. erythrorhynchus) live in pairs as all Tockus sp.
and keep constantly contact by a characteristic call. Widespread.

Tanzanian Red-billed hornbill (Tockus ruahae) is endemic in Tanzania
and can be found from Ruaha to Serengeti region. Seronera Serengeti






Von der Decken's Hornbill (Tockus deckeni). Widespread in
Kenya and Tanzania in Acacia-Commiphora bush land.






Jackksons Hornbill





Crowned Hornbill (Tockus alboterminatus) occurs
in forested areas from East to South and Southwest Africa.

Jackson’s Hornbill (Tockus jacksoni) is only found at
Lake Baringo and North and in North Eastern Uganda.






African Grey Hornbill (Tockus nasutus nasutus).
Male. Widespread in dry areas in Africa.








Black-and-white-casqued Hornbill (Bycanistes subcylindricus subquadratus). Common in Western Forests. Kakamega Forest. Female.

Male with larger casque.






Silvery-cheeked hornbill (Bycanistes brevis).
From Central Kenya to Central Tanzania. Male on the right with larger bill.