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The Indian Ocean, coastal areas partly forested to savannahs, semi-deserts, mountain forests, fresh water and soda lakes, rivers, glaciers and rainforests provide a huge range of different biotopes and are responsible for the big variety of bird species. Currently more than 1.400 registered species, of which around 100 are migratory birds, occur in East Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Rwanda. You find little brown birds, very colourful species and majestic vultures and eagles. Parks and sanctuaries have between 300 and over 550 registered bird species. East Africa is a paradise for ornithologists. But also non birders will be fascinated by some of the impressive birds.

Many species are spread all over the continent, but several are endemic and only occur in small ranges. We as the specialists know where to find them.

Pictures are listed in the same order as in most bird books.

Pictures taken by Elvira Wolfer, Sammy Mugo (Ornithologist and safari guide) and clients.






Greater blue-eared starlings (Lamprotornis chalybaeus).
Widespread in highlands.

Rüppel's starling (Lamprotornis purpuropterus).
Fairly common in open country.






Golden-breasted Starling (Lamprotornis regius)
occurs in dry region in East Africa.

Ashy starling (Lamprotornis unicolor) are common in Tarangire
and few other places in Tanzania. They do not occur in Kenya.






Superb starling (Lamprotornis superbus).
Widespread in East Africa.

Hildebrandt’s starling (Lamprotornis hildebrandti).
Locally common in Kenya and Northeastern Tanzania.



white crowned starling



Fischer’s Starling (Lamprotornis fischeri). Locally common in
dry bush in East Africa country below 1400 m.

White-crowned Starling (Lamprotornis albicapillus horrensis). This
subspecies is found in the most Northern Kenya to the border of Ethiopia.



Violet-backed starling
Magpie starling



Violet-backed starling (Cinnyricinclus leucogaster verreauxi). Flocks
seasonally and is widespread in Africa in areas with plenty of trees with fruits.

Magpie starling (Speculipastor bicolor) occurs in dry bush in East
Africa. Female, the male has darker blue even on the head.



Black bellied starling



Black-bellied starling (Notopholia corruscus) occurs
along Africa’s East coast up to South Africa.

Red-winged starlings (Onychognathus morio) occur between 1000 and
2400 m mostly near cliffs and houses. Often in small groups but when
food is in plenty they flock to larger numbers. Females have a grey
head and neck.






Bristle-crowned starling (Onychognathus salvadorii). The beautiful
bird is met in more Northern Kenya and Aethiopia. Male. Baringo.

Wattled starlings (Creatophora cinerea) on the back of
a wildebeest. In large flocks they pick insects around
and on the ungulates. Widespread.






Red-billed Oxpecker (Buphagus erythrorhynchus).
They live in symbiosis with herbivores. Widespread.

Yellow-billed Oxpeckers (Buphagus a. africanus) are less
widespread and common than Red-billed oxpeckers.