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Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Ruanda are some of the best birding countries due to the various habitats. The Indian Ocean, coastal areas partly forested to savannahs, semi-deserts, deserts, mountain forests, alpine/moorland, fresh water and soda lakes, rivers, glaciers and rainforests provide a huge range of different biotopes and are responsible for the big variety of bird species. Currently more than 1.400 registered species occur in East Africa. Among them are around 100 migratory birds from Eurasia, others are Intra African migrants but many are permanent residents. You find little brown birds, very colourful species and majestic vultures and eagles. Parks and sanctuaries have between 300 and over 550 registered bird species. East Africa is a paradise for ornithologists. But also non birders will be fascinated by some of the impressive birds.

Many species are spread in many regions, but several are endemic and only occur in small ranges.
We as the specialists know where to find them.

Species are listed according to families. The book “Birds of Africa South of the Sahara” served as guideline.

Pictures taken by Elvira Wolfer, Lorenzo Barelli (Photographer and birding tour leader) and clients



Black bellied starling

Black-bellied starling (Notopholia corruscus) occurs
along Africa’s East coast up to South Africa.






Greater blue-eared starlings (Lamprotornis chalybaeus).
Widespread in highlands.

Rüppel's starling (Lamprotornis purpuropterus).
Fairly common in open country.






Golden-breasted Starling (Lamprotornis regius)
occurs in dry region in East Africa.

Ashy starling (Lamprotornis unicolor) are common in Tarangire
and few other places in Tanzania. They do not occur in Kenya.






Superb starling (Lamprotornis superbus).
Widespread in East Africa.

Hildebrandt’s starling (Lamprotornis hildebrandti).
Locally common in Kenya and Northeastern Tanzania.



white crowned starling



Fischer’s Starling (Lamprotornis fischeri). Locally common in
dry bush in East Africa country below 1400 m.

White-crowned Starling (Lamprotornis albicapillus horrensis). This
subspecies is found in the most Northern Kenya to the border of Ethiopia.



Violet-backed starling
Magpie starling



Violet-backed starling (Cinnyricinclus leucogaster verreauxi). Flocks
seasonally and is widespread in Africa in areas with plenty of trees with fruits.

Magpie starling (Speculipastor bicolor) occurs in dry bush in East
Africa. Female, the male has darker blue even on the head.



Slender-billed Starling



Red-winged starlings (Onychognathus morio) occur between 1000 and
2400 m mostly near cliffs and houses. Often in small groups but when
food is in plenty they flock to larger numbers. Females have a grey
head and neck.

Slender-billed starling (Onychognathus tenuirostris theresae) lives
at rivers, scattered in the horn of Africa. Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Mt. Kenya



Waller's Starling



Bristle-crowned starling (Onychognathus salvadorii). The beautiful
bird is met in more Northern Kenya and Aethiopia. Male. Baringo.

Waller’s Starling (Onychognathus walleri) is found in
montane forests in East Africa. Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Mt. Kenya



Stuhlmann's Starling



Stuhlmann’s Starling (Poeoptera stuhlmanni) in forests in Western
Kenya and few places in Horn of Africa. Photo Lorenzo Barelli, Kakamega Forest

Wattled starlings (Creatophora cinerea). In large flocks
they pick insects around and on the ungulates. Widespread.






Red-billed Oxpecker (Buphagus erythrorhynchus).
They live in symbiosis with herbivores. Widespread.

Yellow-billed Oxpeckers (Buphagus a. africanus) are less
widespread and common than Red-billed oxpeckers.