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The Indian Ocean, coastal areas partly forested to savannahs, semi-deserts, mountain forests, fresh water and soda lakes, rivers, glaciers and rainforests provide a huge range of different biotopes and are responsible for the big variety of bird species. Currently more than 1.400 registered species, of which around 100 are migratory birds, occur in East Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Rwanda. You find little brown birds, very colourful species and majestic vultures and eagles. Parks and sanctuaries have between 300 and over 550 registered bird species. East Africa is a paradise for ornithologists. But also non birders will be fascinated by some of the impressive birds.

Many species are spread all over the continent, but several are endemic and only occur in small ranges. We as the specialists know where to find them.

Pictures are listed in the same order as in most bird books.

Pictures taken by Elvira Wolfer, Sammy Mugo (Ornithologist and safari guide) and clients.





Redheaded Malimbe




Red-headed weaver (Anaplectes rubriceps leuconotus).
Is widespread in Africa, but not often seen.

Red-headed Malimbe (Malimbus rubricollis) occurs in lowland
rainforest from Western Kenya to Westafrica. Photo Marina Meger, Uganda








Parasitic weaver / Cuckoo-finch (Anomalospiza imberbis imberbis) is a Canary-like bird laying its eggs into nests of Cisticolas and Prinias. It is in the family of Viduidae and is local and uncommon in moist grassland in several countries of Africa. Males, females are more brownish


Red-billed Quelea (Quelea quelea aethiopica) is common in dry
savanna and grassland. They build huge flocks (picture below) and
can cause damage in crop fields.












White-winged Widowbird (Euplectes albonotatus eques).
Common in bushed grassland. Widespread.

Inbetween non breeding and breeding plumage. Male








.Red-collared Widowbird (Euplectes ardens). Locally common
in grassland and bushy habitats. (Nairobi area)

Long-tailed widowbird (Euplectes progne delamerei)
is fairly common in Kenyan highland grassland. Aberdares.
Breeding male displaying by flying side wise.








Jackson’s widowbird (Euplectes jacksoni). Locally common in
grassland of Kenyan and Tanzanian highlands. Aberdares

Fan-tailed widowbird (Euplectes axillaris phoeniceus) occur in marshy
areas. The female is simple brown and non breeding males patched.








Northern Red Bishop (Euplectes franciscanus) can be
found at Lake Baringo and Bogoria.

Southern Red Bishop (Euplectes orix nigifrons). Male build
nests for several females within their territory. Widespread.






Black-winged or Fire-crowned Bishop (Euplectes hordeaceus) is found in East, West and Central Africa. At Lake Manyara it occurs in the same area than Southern Red Bishop.




Yellow Bishop




Yellow-Crowned Bishop (Euplectes afer). Local and
uncommon in Western and highlands. Nairobi National park.


Yellow Bishop (Euplectes capensis crassirostris) is fairly common
in Kenya and Tanzania above 1.400 m in moist and open areas.