Ducks and Geese in East Africa
Waterfowl – Order Anseriformes
Ducks, Geese and Swans belong to this order. The feathers of ducks and relatives are extremely water proof and their feet are webbed. A hard tip at the end of the beak serves picking plant material. Small hooks build lamella along the side of the beak to sieve small plant material out of the water. Nests are built in vegetation along lakes and rivers. Some defend their young vehemently. Still there are animals who find the nest and eat eggs and chicks. Sadly also uncontrolled dogs disturb the nest or even eat the chicks. Some humans like their eggs.
Ducks, Geese, Swans – Family Anatidae
Ducks and relatives are waterbirds. All swim, dive or float. The dense plumage is greased intensly with an oily substance from the well developped preen gland. Some live in pairs others search a new breeding partner in every breeding season. Sexual dimorphism is very visible in those changing partners. Some ducks like the African Black Duck feed and small water creature. They find them in the water or under stones.
Click on the photo for enlargement. Photographer’s names are indicated. Those photos without name are from Elvira Wolfer
Fulvous Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna bicolor) lives at fresh water and is quite local. We often find them in the swamps in Amboseli.
White-faced Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna viduata) is found at lakes, dams and lagoons and grassland near water. Sometimes large flocks are seen.
White-backed Duck (Thalassornis l. leuconotus) is locally common in some parts of Africa at waters with floating vegetation. Mostly you will meet them in pairs. Photo by Lorenzo Barelli
Maccoa Duck (Oxyura maccoa) is very locally found in Eastern and Southern Africa. Pairs can be found at Great Rift Valley Lakes. This is the only stiff-tailed duck in the region. Photo by Per Holmen
African Pygmy Goose (Nettapus auritus) is widespread in Africa but rather scarcly distributed species on lakes with floating vegetation. Photo by Adam Scott Kennedy
Egyptian Goose (Alopochen aegyptiaca) is a widespread species at lakes and wetlands. They are good in alerting when danger approaches. Photo Lorenzo Barelli
Spur-winged Goose (Plectropterus g. gambensis) is widespread in wetlands in Africa. They are not that common and live mostly in pairs. Photo by Lorenzo Barelli & Joseph Mwangi
Knob-billed or comb Duck (Sarkidiornis melanotos) are met in pairs in wetlands in Africa. They are intra African migrants. Photo by Lorenzo Barelli
African Black Duck (Anas sparsa leucostigma) lives on streams and rivers, rarer on lakes. They feed mainly on small water creatures.
Yellow-billed Duck (Anas u. undulata) is widespread on lakes and rivers from Kenya, Uganda to Southern Africa. The subspecies rueppeli is found in Ethiopia, Northern Uganda, Northern Kenya and Eastern South Sudan.
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) is a common paleartic migrant and can be met in East Africa on wetlands including alkaline lakes and estuaries from November to April. Photo by Lorenzo Barelli
Common Teal (Anas crecca) is a fairly common palearctic migrant to Rift Valley Lakes in Kenya and Albertine Rift as well as the Horn of Africa from October to April. Photo by Lorenzo Barelli
Cape Teal (Anas capensis) is locally common mainly on alcaline lakes but also fresh water lakes from East to Southern Africa.
Red-billed Teal (Anas erythrorhyncha) occurs on fresh water lakes and marshes from East to Southern Africa.
Gadwall (Mareca s. strepera) is an uncommon palearctic migrant to fresh water lakes in the Great Rift. Photo by Jacques Pitteloud
Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope) is a an uncommon palearctic migrant to the Great Rift area, central Kenya and horn of Africa from November to March. Photos by Jacques Pitteloud
Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata) is a migrant from the North from October to April to inland waters in the horn of Africa. Photos von Lorenzo Barelli and Elvira Wolfer
Garganey (Spatula querquedula) is a palearctic migrant to East to West Africa. They are common and found on lakes and marshes from October to April. Photo by Lorenzo Barelli
Hottentot or Blue-billed Teal (Spatula hottentota) is locally common on fresh water lakes from the Horn of Africa to Southern Africa. They prefer lakes with floating vegetation.
Southern Pochard (Netta erythophthalma brunnea) is locally common on dams and alcaline lakes from East to Southern Africa. Occasionally many are on the Momella Lakes in Arusha National Park.
Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula) locally common palearctic migrant to Rift Valley lakes, Northern Tanzania and Southeastern Kenya from October to April. Photo Jacques Pitteloud